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Schemes under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) acts as the heartbeat of environmental care within the Indian government. Its mission is to nurture, protect, and cherish our natural world while fostering a harmonious balance between human progress and ecological preservation. Guided by the compassionate principle of sustainable development, MoEFCC strives not only to safeguard our environment but also to enhance the lives and well-being of all people across the nation.

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ABOUT Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) plays a crucial role in the Indian government’s efforts to safeguard our natural world. Their main focus revolves around protecting our lakes, rivers, forests, and wildlife, while also ensuring the well-being of animals and combating pollution. Guided by the principle of sustainable development, they aim to improve the lives of people while preserving our environment.

Moreover, the Ministry serves as a central hub for various international environmental initiatives, such as the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP). They’re also responsible for coordinating with regional bodies like the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), all with the aim of addressing environmental challenges on a global scale.

SchemeObjectiveFew Points to Remember
National Green Corps ‘Ecoclub’Develop skills for environmental conservation among school children through various activities.– Implemented through eco-clubs of 50-60 students interested in environmental issues. – Supervised by a Teacher In-Charge selected from member school teachers. – District and national monitoring committees established.
National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)Pursue sustainable development meeting economic and environmental goals.– Includes various missions like National Solar Mission, National Improved Energy Efficiency Project, etc. – Framework paper published by Council of Prime Ministers on Climate Change.
Swachh – Nirmal Tat AbhiyaanKeep beaches safe and raise awareness about coastal habitats.– Organized in consultation with state governments. – Implemented by Environment Education Division and Society for Integrated Coastal Management.
Climate Resilience Building Among Farmers Through Crop Residue ManagementReduce climate change impacts by managing crop residue effectively.– Conducted in staggered approach. – Includes awareness-raising and capacity-building activities for sustainable practices. – Aims to diversify livelihood options.
Secure Himalaya ProjectProtect biodiversity and resources in the Himalayan ecosystem.– Spans four states: Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Sikkim. – Protects snow leopards and other endangered species. – Six years long.
Green Skill Development ProgrammeSkill young individuals, particularly dropouts, and increase employment opportunities.– Environmental and Forest Skills Development Initiative aims for employment/self-employment. – Courses aligned with National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF).
National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)Implement measures to reduce air pollution.– Aims for 20-30% reduction in particulate matter by 2024. – Introduced in 102 non-attainment cities. – Executed by CPCB.
Integrated Development of Wildlife HabitatsProvide support for wildlife conservation activities.– Support for protected areas and wildlife rehabilitation projects. – Financial and technical assistance provided to states/UTs.
PARIVESHMonitor compliance records for environmental clearances.– Web-based system for online submission and monitoring of proposals. – Hosted by MoEFCC with support from NIC. – Provides access to previous Environment Impact Assessment Reports.
Himalayan Research Fellowships SchemeTrain environmental managers, ecologists, and socioeconomists.– Implemented through institutions and universities in the Indian Himalayan Region. – Financial support provided under NMHS. – Fellowships up to 3 years.

Read Also: National Clean Air Program

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