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National Clean Air Program

The ministry of environment, Forest and climate change (MoEFCC) reviews the progress made under the Nation Clean Air Program (NCAP).
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The ministry of environment, Forest and climate change (MoEFCC) reviews the progress made under the Nation Clean Air Program (NCAP). Under the program, Cities and required to take measures to improve air quality inter alia include solid waste management, control of pollution from biomass burning and air pollution from construction and demolition activities.


India is committed to clean environment and pollution free air and water. In fact, it is mandated in our constitution. India’s commitments and obligations to conservation and protection of environment within the ambit of targeted goals on environmental sustainability under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is manifested in the fact that several administrative and regulatory measures including a separate statute on air and water pollution are under implementation since long. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, was enacted under Art. 253 of the Constitution to implement the decisions taken at the United Nations Conference on Human Environment held at Stockholm in June 1972, in which India participated. Sustainable development, in terms of enhancement of human well- being, is an integral part of India’s development philosophy.

However, a vast country and an emerging economy like India, face enormous challenges with its burgeoning population and widespread poverty, in meeting its various other significant commitments associated with poverty and hunger eradication under the SDGs. India has been going through a phase of accelerated industrial activities for the past three decades. The associated growth in terms of industrialization and urbanization has led to manifold increase in pollution issues more specifically air pollution issues.

In recent years, medium and small towns and cities have also witnessed spurt in pollution thus getting fast reflected in the non-attainment cities of India. Air pollution has increasingly been becoming a serious concern, predominantly for health of the people. The reported perplexing statistics in various international reports, drawing correlation of air pollution with various aggravated figures on health, without validation on Indian population further complicates the issues by creating a flawed public perception.


Goal of NCAP is to meet the prescribed annual average ambient air quality standards at all locations in the country in a stipulated timeframe. NCAP targets to achieve reduction in Particulate Matter (PM10) levels up to 40% or achievement of national standards (60 microgram/cubic meter) by 2025-26 in targeted 131 cities of 24 States, taking 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.


  • Collaborative, Multi-scale and Cross-Sectoral Coordination between relevant Central Ministries, State Government and local bodies.
  • Focus on no Regret Measures, Participatory and Disciplined approach

The NCAP will be a mid-term, five-year action plan with 2019 as the first year.

Under NCAP, 131 cities are being targeted for improving air quality. Of these 131 cities, 123 cities (NACs) are identified under NCAP based on non-conforming to national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) consecutively for five years. In addition, million plus cities (MPCs) are also covered, those identified by 15th
Finance Commission (XV-FC), for receiving performance based grant for air quality improvement. Out of 42 MPCs, 34 cities are common under NCAP. Thus,
131 cities (NACs and MPCs) are being monitored under the NCAP for improving air quality.

Sl. NoStateCities
1Andhra PradeshGuntur, Kurnool, Nellore, Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam, Anantapur, Chitoor, Eluru, Kadapa, Ongole, Rajahmundry, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram
2AssamGuwahati, Nagaon, Nalbari, Sibsagar, Silchar
3BiharPatna, Gaya, Muzaffarpur
5ChattisgarhBhilai, Korba, Raipur
7GujaratSurat, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Rajkot
9Himachal PradeshBaddi, Damtal, Kala Amb, Nalagarh, Paonta Sahib, Parwanoo, Sunder Nagar
10Jammu & KashmirJammu, Srinagar
11JharkhandDhanbad, Jamshedpur, Ranchi
12KarnatakaBangalore, Devanagere, Gulburga, Hubli-Dharwad
13Madhya PradeshBhopal, Dewas, Indore, Sagar, Ujjain, Gwalior, Jabalpur
14MaharashtraAkola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Badlapur, Chandrapur, Jalgaon, Jalna, Kolhapur, Latur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Sangli, Solapur, Ulhasnagar, Thane, Vasai-Virar
16NagalandDimapur, Kohima
17OdishaAngul, Balasore, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Rourkela, Talcher, Kalinga Nagar
18PunjabDera Bassi, Gobindgarh, Jalandhar, Khanna, Ludhiana, Naya Nangal, Pathankot/Dera Baba, Patiala, Amritsar
19RajasthanAlwar, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Udaipur
20TamilnaduThoothukudi, Trichy, Madurai, Chennai
21TelanganaHyderabad, Nalgonda, Patancheruvu, Sangareddy
22Uttar Pradesh
Agra, Allahabad, Anpara, Bareily, Firozabad, Gajraula, Ghaziabad, Jhansi, Kanpur, Khurja, Lucknow, Moradabad, Noida, Raebareli, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Meerut
23UttarakhandKashipur, Rishikesh, Dehradun
24West BengalKolkata, Asansol, Barrackpore, Durgapur, Haldia, Howrah

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