Sociology Optional Notes
Understanding Sociology as an Optional Subject for UPSC Civil Services Examination; Topics, Preparation, and Tips:

The Sociology optional requires a good understanding of the Indian society and its socio-economic and political issues. It also requires a good understanding of the theories and concepts of sociology. Additionally, candidates should have the ability to apply these theories and concepts to the Indian context.

What is Sociology?

Sociology is the study of human social behavior, relationships, and institutions. It encompasses a wide range of topics such as social structure, culture, social inequality, crime, deviance, family, religion, and social change.

For UPSC Civil Services Examination, the Sociology optional covers the following topics:

  • Indian Society: Structure, Issues and Social Movements
  • Social Stratification: Class, Caste, Race, Gender
  • Social Institutions: Family, Religion, Education, State, Media
  • Social Change: Modernization, Development and Dependency
  • Demography and Health
  • Environment and Urbanization
  • Rural Development and Agrarian Change
  • Criminology and Victimology
  • Theory and Methods in Sociology

For preparation, candidates should read standard books on Sociology and practice writing answers. They should also try to relate the concepts to current socio-economic issues.

The Importance of Sociology Optional Notes for UPSC CSE:

Sociology is one of the popular optional subjects chosen by candidates appearing for the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) examination. Sociology provides a broad understanding of society, social structure, and social issues, which can be useful for understanding the workings of Indian society and the issues that affect it. Additionally, the concepts and theories studied in sociology can be applied to various fields, such as public administration, international relations, and rural development. Having good Sociology Optional Notes on sociology can be helpful for understanding the subject matter and preparing for the UPSC examination. It can also be useful for essay writing, general studies, and the interview stage of the examination.

Sources for Sociology Optional:

Some sources that can be useful for studying Sociology as an optional subject in the UPSC examination include:

  1. NCERT textbooks for Sociology: These textbooks provide a comprehensive introduction to the subject and cover the basic concepts and theories.
  2. Study material provided by the UPSC: The UPSC provides study material for optional subjects on its official website, which can be a helpful resource for candidates.
  3. Sociology books by Indian authors: Some popular Indian authors for sociology include: A.R. Desai, G.S. Ghurye, M.N. Srinivas, and Andre Beteille.
  4. Previous year UPSC question papers: These papers provide an idea of the type of questions that are asked in the examination.
  5. Sociology coaching institutes: Many institutes provide coaching for sociology optional for UPSC, it could be classroom or online.
Download Sociology Optional Notes


Social Problems in India

Society in India

Sociological Thoughts

The Study of Society – I

The Study of Society – II

Diaspora and Transnational Community – I

Diaspora and Transnational Communities – II

Diaspora and Transnational Communities – III

India- Democracy and Development

Sociological Theories and Concepts

Sociology in India

Sociology of Education – I

Sociology of Education – II

Sociology of Education – III

Sociology of Religion – I

Sociology of Religion – II

Urban Sociology – I

Urban Sociology – II

Urban Sociology – III

UPSC Interview 2023 new program