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HISTORY OF INDIA : India has a unique culture and is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. It stretches from the snow-capped Himalayas in the North to the Sun drenched coastal villages of the South. In this section, you will certainly get the best glimpse of this great country.

India’s history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization. It begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the southern lands of India. The history of India is punctuated by constant integration of migrating people with the diverse cultures that surround India. Available evidence suggests that the use of iron, copper and other metals was widely prevalent in the Indian sub-continent at a
fairly early period, which is indicative of the progress that this part of the world had made. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, India had emerged as a region of highly developed civilization.

In this section of the article we are providing you the links to learn about the Modern history of India. These articles are useful for UPSC CSE and State PCS. 

Ancient Indian

Medieval Indian History

Modern History


Scenario before 1857

Later Mughals

Decline of Mughals Lecture I

Decline of Mughals Lecture II

Arrival of Portuguese in India (First to come last to leave)

Regional powers in 18th Century

The British conquest of India

The wars during British conquest of India

British Administration before 1857

Revolt of 1857

Intimation of freedom

Civil Disobedience Movement

Round table conference

Poona pact

Government of India Act 1935

Tripuri session- 1939

August offer

Individual Satyagraha 1940-41

Towards achievement of freedom

Popular struggles in the princely states

2nd World War and Nationalist response

Partition of India

Rise of Communalism

Wavell plan

Cabinet Mission Plan

Mountbatten plan

During the freedom struggle

Indian renaissance/socio-religious movement

Civil Rebellious during British

Tribal movements during period

Peasants movement during period

Land – Revenue system, the Dansara System, the Mansabdari

System and the Army

Akbar’s Religious Views

Relations with the Ulama and Social Reforms

The Early Phase (1556-73)

The Second Phase (1573-80) – the Ibadat Khana

Debates – the Mahzar – Breach with Orthodox

Ulama – Re-organisation of Madad-i-Maash Grants

Third or Final Phase – Din-i-Illahi – State

Policies and religious toleration

The Deccan and the Mughals (Upto 1657)

The Deccani States upto 1595

Mughal Advance towards the Deccan

Mughal Conquest of Berar, Khandesh and Parts Of Ahmadnagar

Rise of Malik Ambar, and Frustration of

Mughal Attempt at Consolidation (1601-27)

Extinction of Ahmadnagar, Acceptance of Mughal

Suzerainty by Bijapur and Golconda

Shah Jahan and the Deccan (1636-57)

Cultural Contribution of the Deccani States

Foreign Policy of the Mughals

Akbar and the Uzbeks

The Question of Qandahar and Relations with Iran

Shah Jahan’s Balkh Campaign

Mughal – Persian Relations – the Last Phase

India in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century

Jahangir’s Accession – his Early Difficulties

Territorial Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire – Mewar, East India and Kangra

Nur Jahan, and the Nur Jahan ‘Junta’

The Rebellions of Shah Jahan, and the coup de main of Mahabat Khan the coup de main of Mahabat Khan

Jahangir as a Ruler

State and Religion in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century

Shah Jahan- Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire

Evolution of the Mughal Ruling Class and the Mansabdari System

Aurangzeb - Religious Policies, North India and the Rajputs

War of Succession

Religious Policy : First Phase (1658-79)

Reforms and Puritanical Measures, Hindu

Temples, Jizyah; Second Phase (1679-1707)

Territorial Consolidation and Expansion of Empire – North India

Popular Revolts – Jats, Satnamis, Afghans and Sikhs

Breach with Marwar and Mewar

Climax and Crisis of the Mughal Empire the Marathas and the Deccan

Rise of the Marathas – Easy Career of Shivaji

Treaty of Purandar – the Agra Visit

Shivaji’s Swarajya – Administration and Achievements

Aurangzeb and the Deccani States (1658-87)

Marathas and the Deccani States (1687-1707)

Assessment of Aurangzeb and the Jagirdari Crisis

Society- Structure and Growth

Rural Society

Towns and Town Life

Artisans and Master- Craftsmen


Servants and Slaves

Standard of Living

The Ruling Classes – Nobility, Rural Gentry

The Middle Strata

The Commercial Classes

Economic Life-Patterns and Prospects

Inland Trade

Overseas Trade- Role of Foreign Trading

Companies – Position of Indian Merchants Over-land Trade

Working class Movement (1850-1900)

Growth of communalism

Left and communist trends in National Movement

Press and education during British period

Role of women in Freedom Struggle

Governor generals of India

Viceroys of India

Important persons

Important news paper/journals

Congress sessions


Visual Art

Sculptures of Harappan Civilisation

Sculptures of Mauryan Age

Post-Mauryan Period

Jain Sculpture

Buddhist Sculpture

Gupta Sculpture

Medieval School of Sculpture

Modern Indian Sculpture

Architecture in Ancient India

Harappan Period

Mauryan Architecture

Post-Mauryan Period

Gupta Period

Temples of Khajuraho

Temples of Odisha

Temples of Gwalior

Temples of Gujarat

Temples of Rajasthan

Temples of Bengal

Temples of Assam

Temples of Himachal Pradesh

Temples of Jammu and Kashmir

Pallava Period

Chola Period

Pandya Temples

Vijayanagar Period

Nayaka Temples

Temples of Kerala

Vesara Style

Hoysala Style

Rashtrakuta Period

Indo-Islamic Architecture

Imperial Style (Delhi Sultanate)

Provincial Style

Mughal Style

Sikh Style of Architecture

Rajput Architecture

Salient features

Modern Architecture

European Influence

Indo-Saracenic Architecture

Post-Independence Period

Indian Paintings

Tradition of Mural Paintings in India

Tradition of Miniature Paintings in India

Paintings in the Deccan

Rajput School of Painting

Pahari School of Painting

Miniature Painting in South India

Regional Paintings

Modern Paintings

Contemporary Paintings

Pottery Tradition in India

Orchre Coloured Pottery (OCP)

Black and Red Ware (BRW)

Painted GreyWare (PGW)

Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW)

Glazed and Unglazed Pottery

Music in India

Main Pillars of India Music

Forms of Indian Music

Musical Instruments

Institutions Related to Music

Dances in India

Concept of Dance in India

Concept of Ashta Nayika

Eight Classical Dance Forms in India

Folk Dances

Modern Dances

Martial Arts in India

Genesis of Martial Arts

Forms of Traditional Martial Arts

Indian Theatre

Classical Sanskrit Theatre

Regional Theatre

Modern Theatre

Renaissance of Indian Theatre

Indian Puppetry

String Puppets

Shadow Puppets

Rod Puppets

Glove puppets

Modern Puppetry

Tribal Puppetry

Indian Cinema

Cinema in India

History of Indian Cinema

Classification of Indian Cinema Film Music of India

Religions in India

Pre-Vedic Religion









Philosophy in India

Bhakti & Sufi Movements

Bhakti Movement

Vaishnava Acharyas: Metaphysical Foundation

Other Saints of Bhakti Movement

Maharashtra Dharma


Languages & Literature in India

Sanskrit Literature

Pali Literature

Prakrit Literature

Tamil Literature

Malayalam Literature

Kannada Literature

Odia Literature

Assamese Literature

Bengali Literature

Gujarati Literature

Rajasthani Literature

Punjabi Literature

Marathi Literature

Hindi Literature

Persian Literature

Urdu Literature

Miscellaneous Topics

Indian Handicrafts

Indian Universities

Personalities Related to Culture

Places of Cultural Interest

Fairs and Festivals in India

Cultural Institutions in India

Awards and Honours Associated with Culture

The Calendar

The Eras

Science and Technology in Ancient India

UNESCO’s List of Cultural Heritage in India

Legal Provisions Related to the Protection and Promotion of Indian Culture and Heritage

Recent Developmemt

Schemes of Cleanliness of Tourist Places

Swachh Bharat – Swachh Smarak

Swachh Bharat – Swachh Pakwan

(Hunar Zaika)

‘Swachh Bharat – Swachh Paryatan’

Swachh Smarak Swachh Bharat’ app

National Tourism Policy, 2015

Schemes of Development of Cultural Heritage

Sanskriti app

Cultural Mapping of India

Cultural Heritage Youth Leadership Programme

Preservation of Cultural Heritage of Himalayas

Nearly 100 Monuments Identifies for Portal on “Must-See Monuments”

Schemes for for Monument Development




Adarsh Smarak Yojana

Monuments of National importance

Cultural Scheme Monitoring System

Schemes for promotion of Culture

Culture Ministry To Grade Artists Writers For Selection Process

Schemes for Serious Literature and Litterateurs

National Mission on Monuments and Antiquities

National Mission on Manuscripts

National Mission on Libraries

Gandhi Heritage Sites Mission

International Initiatives for Cultural Development and Recognition

Project Mausam

International Buddhist Conclave

World’s Heritage

UNESCO inscribes Yoga in the representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

UNESCO Creative Cities Network

UNESCO Global Geopark

National Virtual Library of India

Animal Sports in India.



Bulbul Fight

Bullock Cart Racing

GI- Tag


GI vs Trademark

Right under GI

Famous Goods

Latest addition

Festivals in News

International Yoga Day

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas

Buddhist Circuit

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