State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template

Haryana: Exploring India’s Northern State


Key Facts

  • Haryana is a state in India located in the northern part of the country.
  • It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966, based on linguistic considerations.
  • Haryana shares its borders with Himachal Pradesh to the north-east.
  • The eastern border is defined by the Yamuna River, separating it from Uttar Pradesh.
  • To the west and south, Haryana is bordered by the state of Rajasthan.
  • The northern border is demarcated by the Ghaggar-Hakra River, which flows along the border with Punjab.
  • Chandigarh serves as the state capital.
  • Faridabad, located in the National Capital Region, is the most populous city in the state.
  • Gurugram is a prominent financial hub within the National Capital Region.
  • Haryana is home to ancient historical sites, including the Indus Valley Civilization sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district, which are approximately 9,000 years old.
  • It was the ancestral land of the legendary Bharata dynasty.
  • Kurukshetra, the site of the epic battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas in the Mahabharata, is situated in Haryana.
  • Haryana is the largest exporter of Basmati rice to the international market.
  • The state has the lowest child sex ratio (0-6 years) among Indian states, with a ratio of 834 girls for every 1,000 boys.

State Animal / Bird / Tree / Flower

  • Animal: Black Buck
  • Bird: Black Francolin
  • Tree: Peepal
  • Flower: Lotus

Geographical Division

  • Haryana as a whole is a plain
  • Shivalik mountain range in the northeast
  • Aravalli mountain ranges in the southern part of Haryana
  • Yamuna-Ghaggar basin, creating the largest portion of the state
  • Semi-arid sandy plateaus in the southwest
  • Morni Hills area of Panchkula district, which represents the highest point


  • Yamuna
  • Saraswati
  • Ghaggar
  • Markanda
  • Tangri
  • Chautang


  • Western Yamuna Canal
  • Sutlej Yamuna link canal (from the Sutlej river, a tributary of the Indus)
  • Indira Gandhi Canal

Major Dams

  • Kaushalya Dam in Panchkula district
  • Hathnikund Barrage and Tajewala Barrage on the Yamuna in Yamunanagar district
  • Pathrala barrage on the Somb river in Yamunanagar district
  • Ancient Anagpur Dam near Surajkund in Faridabad district
  • Ottu barrage on the Ghaggar-Hakra River in Sirsa district


  • Continental character
  • Very hot in summer and markedly cold in winter
  • Pleasant months of spring


  • Badhkal
  • Brahma Sarovar
  • Karna Lake
  • Sannihit Sarovar
  • Tilyar Lake

Protected Areas

  • Sultanpur National Park
  • Kalesar National Park
  • Abubshehar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bir Shikargarh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chinchilla Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Morni Hills (Khol-Hi-Raritan) Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary

Fairs & Festivals

  • Surajkund International Crafts Mela
  • Mango Mela
  • Kurukshetra Mahotsav
  • The Pinjore Heritage Festival


  • Phag
  • Dhamal
  • Ratvai

Art Forms

  • Phulkari and Shisha embroidery

Read Also: Himachal Pradesh: The Mushroom Capital of India

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved