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Himachal Pradesh: The Mushroom Capital of India

Himachal Pradesh

Key Facts

  • Himachal Pradesh is a state located in the northern part of India.
  • It is situated in the Western Himalayas and is one of the eleven mountain states in India.
  • The state shares its borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north.
  • It also shares its borders with the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south.
  • Himachal Pradesh has an international border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China.
  • Solan is known as the “Mushroom Capital of India.”
  • Most of the state is situated on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range.
  • Reo Purgyil, with an elevation of 6816 meters, is the highest mountain peak in the state.
  • Himachal Pradesh is the sole holder of the country’s rock salt resources.
  • Kangra Paintings are a famous form of miniature painting in the region.
  • Manikaran is renowned for its hot springs and is located in the Parbati Valley of Kullu district.
  • Kasol is often referred to as “Mini Israel” due to the high number of Israeli tourists visiting, resulting in many shops and inns having signage in the Hebrew language.
  • Himachal Pradesh is known as the “Land of Deities,” and almost every village has its own local gods and goddesses that are rigorously worshipped by the residents.
  • Shimla is the only place in all of Asia with a natural ice-skating rink.

State Animal / Bird / Flower / Tree

  • Animal: Snow Leopard
  • Bird: Western Tragopan
  • Flower: Pink Rhododendron
  • Tree: Deodar


  • Ravi
  • Beas
  • Chenab
  • Yamuna
  • Sutlej

Geographical Division

  • Outer Himalaya (Shiwaliks)
  • Lesser Himalaya (Himachal)
  • Greater Himalaya (Himadri)

Ethnic Group

  • Bhot
  • Bodh
  • Beta
  • Doma
  • Gaddi
  • Jad
  • Lamba
  • Pangwala
  • Dagis
  • Khasas
  • Koilis
  • Halis
  • Dhaugris
  • Dasa
  • Kinnars
  • Kirats

Protected Areas

  • Sechu Tuan Nalla, Chamba
  • Rupi Bhaba, Kinnaur
  • Pong Dam Sanctuary, Kangra
  • Dhauladhar, Kangra
  • Renuka-Sirmaur
  • Gamgul-Siyabehi-Chamba
  • Kibber-Lahaul & Spiti
  • Great Himalayan National Park
  • Pin Valley National Park
  • Inderkilla National Park
  • Khirganga National Park
  • Simbalbara National Park

Ramsar Sites

  • Chandertal
  • Pong Dam
  • Renuka


  • Suraj Tal
  • Chander Tal
  • Gobind Sagar
  • Dal
  • Beas Kund
  • Mani Mahesh
  • Khajjar
  • Renuka
  • Rewalsar

Important Passes

  • Rohtang Pass
  • Bara-Lacha La
  • Shipki La
  • Pin-Parvati Pass
  • Kunzum Pass

World Heritage Sites

  • Kalka-Shimla Railways
  • Great Himalayan National Park


  • Kinnauri
  • Pahari
  • Hindi
  • Punjabi

Buddhist Pilgrimages

  • Rewalsar
  • Kardang Monastery
  • Shashur Monastery
  • Tayul Gompa
  • Kye Monastery
  • Thang Yug Gompa
  • Dhankar Monastery
  • Tabo Monastery


  • Fulaich
  • Pori
  • Manali Winter carnival
  • Halda
  • Dechhang
  • Phagli
  • Gochi
  • Losar (Tibetan New Year)
  • Phulaich Festival

Dance & Music Forms

  • Mala dance
  • Rakshas dance
  • Chham dance
  • Kulli Nati
  • Kayang
  • Bnayangchu
  • Jataru Kayang
  • Chohara
  • Gugga dance
  • Losar Shona Chuksam
  • Ghurehi
  • Kullu Naati

Arts & Crafts

  • Basholi and Kangra style Pahari paintings
  • Kullu Shawls
  • Woollen caps
  • Chamba Rumal (Kangra style embroidery cloth)

Power Plants

  • Bassi Hydroelectric Project (Kullu)
  • Larji Hydroelectric Project (Shimla)
  • Girinagar Hydel Project (Palampur)
  • Binwa Hydel Project (Kinnaur)
  • Sanjay Vidyut Pariyojna (Mandi)
  • Baner and Neugal Project (Kangra)
  • Andhra Hydel Project (Rohru – Shimla)
  • Rongtong Hydel Project (Lahaul-Spiti)
  • Nathpa Jhakri Project

Read Also: Jammu & Kashmir: A Crucial Part of India’s History

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