State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template

Chhattisgarh: The Rice Bowl of Central India


Keys fact

  • Located in Central India, formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Shares its borders with 7 states: Uttar Pradesh to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the northwest, Maharashtra to the southwest, Jharkhand to the northeast, Odisha to the east, and Telangana and Andhra to the south.
  • The sole tin-producing state in India.
  • Possesses 16% of India’s total coal deposits.
  • Known for the prevalence of Pithora paintings, a traditional art form.
  • Often referred to as the “Rice bowl of Central India.”
  • Contributes to 50% of the country’s total cement production.
  • Leads in coal output nationwide and ranks second in coal reserves.
  • Third in iron ore production and first in tin production among Indian states.
Rivers– Mahanadi, Indravati, Son, Pain, Hasdeo, Sabari, Narmada, Rihand
State Animal/Bird/Tree– Wild Water Buffalo / Hill myna / Sal
Geography– North lies the edge of the great Indo-Gangetic plain. The Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area.
– Eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east–west belt of hills
that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain
Climate– Tropical/hot and humid due to its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer
Protected Areas– Kanger valley, Kankerghati, Indravati TR, Achanakmar Tiger reserve
– Achanakmar – Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve, Badalkhol Sanctuary
– Sitanadi wildlife Sanctuary, Barnawapara Sanctuary, Semarsot Wildlife Sanctuary
– Bhairamgarh wildlife Sanctuary, Bhoramdeo Sanctuary
– Gomarda Sanctuary, Pamed Sanctuary
Dances– Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Chaitra, Kaksar, Saila, Khamb-swang, Bhatra Naat, Rahas, Raai, Maao-Pata, and Soowa
– Panthi, the folk dance of the Satnami community
– Pandavani is a folk ballad form
– Raut Nacha, the folk dance of cowherds, is a traditional dance of Yaduvanshis
– Soowa or Suwa tribal dance in Chhattisgarh is also known as Parrot Dance
Music– Sohar, Bihav, Pathoni, Pandavani
Arts & Crafts– Iron crafting
– Lost wax method of metal casting
– Bhittivhitras or murals
– “Kosa silk” and “Dhokra or Bell metal art”
– Pithora paintings are a common traditional art form
Festivals– Bastar Dussehra/Durga Puja, Bastar Lokotsa, Madai Festival, Rajim Kumbh Mela/Rajim Lochan Mohatsov, Pakhanjore Mela (Nara Narayan Mela),
– Bhoramdeo Festival, Goncha Festival, Teeja Festival, Champaran Mela, Kajari, Narayanpur Mela, Sheorinarayan
Ethnic group– Gonds, Halba, Munda, Oraon, Karku, Bapchi, Kondh, Bhattra
GI Tags– Bastar Blacksmith, Bastar Dhokra, Bastar woodwork, Champa silk saree

Read Also: Goa – India’s Smallest State by Area

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved