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Goa – India’s Smallest State by Area


Key Facts

  • Location: Goa is a state located on the southwestern coast of India.
  • Geography: It is situated in the region known as the Konkan and is geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats.
  • Borders: Goa is surrounded by the Indian states of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south. The Arabian Sea forms its western coast.
  • Size: It is the smallest state in India by area and the fourth-smallest by population.
  • Major Harbor: The Marmagao harbor is virtually at the confluence of the Mandovi and Zuari rivers.
  • Highest Peak: Sonsogor is the highest peak in Goa, located in the Western Ghats.
  • Bird Sanctuary: Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is located on Chorao Island in Goa. It is one of the most important bird sanctuaries in India and is named after Dr. Salim Ali, a renowned ornithologist.
State AnimalGaur
State BirdFlame-throated bulbul
State TreeMatti (Asna)
Ethnic GroupDhodia, Dubla, Naikda, Siddi, Varli, Kunbi, Gawda, Velip
ClimateTropical monsoon climate (Köppen classification)
Protected Areas– Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
– Mollem National Park
– Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
– Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary<br>
– Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary
RiversZuari, Mandovi, Terekhol, Chapora, Galgibag, Kumbarjua canal, Talpona, Sal
Dance FormsShigmo dance, Manddo, Durpod, Dhangar, Fugdi, Ghodemodni, Goff, Kunbi, Mando, Muslam Khel, Perni Jagar, Dhalo-Dhalo
TheatreNatak, Tiatr, Jagor
FestivalsCarnival, Feast of St. Francis Xavier, Shigmotsav, Bonderam Festival
World Heritage SitesChurches and convents of Old Goa
LakesMayem, Carambolim, Netravali, Kesarval
Sea PortsMarmugao, Dona Paula, Panjim
DamsSalaulim Dam, Cumbarjua Canal
GI TagsMoira banana, Harmal chili, Feni, Khola chili, Khajem (kaddio boddio)

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