- Located in eastern India, often referred to as “The Land of Forests.”
- Shares its borders with Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east.
- Major religious sites include Baidyanath Dham, Parasnath, and Rajrappa.
- Jharkhand accounts for more than 40% of India’s mineral resources, earning its nickname as “A Goldmine of Mineral Resources.”
- The highest point in Jharkhand is the conical granite peak of Parasnath, standing at 4,477 feet (1,365 meters) on the Hazaribag plateau.
- Legendary heroes of the state include Birsa Munda (1875-1900) and Sidho and Kanho, who fought against British rule.
- The soil in the Damodar valley is sandy, while heavier red soils are typical of the plateau regions.
- Natural vegetation primarily consists of deciduous forests.
- Chota Nagpur is rich in sal (Shorea robusta), a valuable hardwood.
- Bamboo and bhabar (an Indian fiber grass; Ischaemum angustifolium) from Chota Nagpur are used as raw materials for paper manufacture.
- The Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary is notable for its Bengal tigers.
- Languages from the Indo-European family are the most widely spoken in Jharkhand.
- Hazaribagh plateau is famous for its mica deposits.
- The ‘Hundru Falls‘ on the Subarnarekha River is a prominent natural attraction.
- Jharkhand holds the 1st position in coal reserves, 2nd position in iron ore reserves, 3rd position in copper ore reserves, and the 7th position in bauxite reserves. It is also the sole producer of prime coking coal.
State Animal / Bird / Tree / Flower
- North & South Koel
- North Chotanagpur
- South Chotanagpur
- Santhal Pargana
- Iron Ore
- Coal (32% of India)
- Copper (25% of India)
- A variety of minerals ranging from iron ore (1st), coal (3rd), copper ore (1st), mica (1st), bauxite (3rd), manganese, limestone, china clay, fire clay, graphite (8th), kainite (1st), chromite (2nd), asbestos (1st), thorium (3rd), sillimanite, uranium (Jaduguda mines, Narwa Pahar) (1st), and even gold (Rakha Mines) (6th).
- Simple artisans: Mahli, Lohra, Karmali, Chik Baraik
- Settled agriculturists: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Ho, Bhumij
- Hunter-gatherer type: Birhor, Korwa, Hill Kharia
- Shifting Agriculture: Sauria Paharia
- Konar dam
- Maithon dam
- Tilaiya dam
Lakes / Waterfalls
- Hundru falls
- Jonha fall
- Dassam fall
- Panch Gagh fall
- Hirni fall
- Sila fall
- Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
- Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary
- Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary
- Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary
- Mahuadand Wildlife Sanctuary
- Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary
- Crocodile breeding Centre (Muta)
- Singhbhum Elephant Reserve
- Topchachi Wildlife Sanctuary
- Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary
- Hazaribagh NP
- Betla-Palamu NP
- Chhath Puja
- Jityya Bhaiya Dooj
- Agni dance
- Jhumar dance
- Paika dance
- Chhou dance
- Santhal dance
- Sohrai-Khowar paintings
Read Also: Karnataka: India’s Richest State