World AIDS Vaccine Day – 18 May

Context:- World AIDS Vaccine Day is observed on 18 May and it emphasises the importance of making a vaccine for HIV, an incurable disease.

An Overview of the News

  • World AIDS Vaccine Day is also known as HIV Vaccine Awareness Day.
  • Pays tribute to the scientists and researchers working on the HIV/AIDS vaccine and raises awareness.
  • According to the World Health Organisation, HIV has killed 40.1 million people globally.

History of World AIDS Vaccine Day:

  • On May 18, 1997, former US President Bill Clinton gave a speech at Morgan State University in Maryland.
  • President Clinton stressed the importance of a highly effective HIV vaccine to combat and eliminate HIV transmission.
  • In honour of President Clinton’s speech, May 18 was designated as World AIDS Vaccine Day.
  • The first event of World AIDS Vaccine Day was held in 1998.


According to the World Health Organization, HIV has caused the death of 40.1 million people so far. All countries are witnessing HIV transmission and some are even reporting an increase in new cases. However, there is still no cure for HIV infection. But necessary and effective treatments and care can help people with HIV live a longer and healthier life.

About HIV Infection

  • HIV weakens the immune system and can lead to AIDS.
  • Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is an effective treatment and prevention method for HIV.

World Health Organization:

Establishment – 7 April 1948

Head – Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland

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