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National Quantum Mission

National Quantum Mission received cabinet approval from 2023-24 to 2030-31. The mission aims to scale up scientific and industrial R&D....

Context : National Quantum Mission received cabinet approval from 2023-24 to 2030-31. The mission aims to scale up scientific and industrial R&D, for accelerating Quantum Technology-led economic growth and leverage India into a leading nation in the area.

Quantum technology

Quantum technology refers to the use of the principles of quantum physics to develop new technologies that exploit the unique properties of quantum systems. 

What is National Quantum Mission?
  • About:
    • It’ll be implemented by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) under the Ministry of Science & Technology.
    • The mission planned for 2023-2031 aims to seed, nurture, and scale up scientific and industrial R&D and create a vibrant & innovative ecosystem in Quantum Technology (QT).
    • With the launch of this mission, India will be the seventh country to have a dedicated quantum mission after the US, Austria, Finland, France, Canada and China.
Objectives of the National Quantum Mission
  1. Developing indigenous quantum technologies and infrastructure.
  2. Promoting collaboration between academia, industry, and research institutions.
  3. Building a strong ecosystem for research and development in quantum technology.
  4. Creating a skilled workforce in quantum science and technology.
  5. Accelerating the commercialization and adoption of quantum-based products and services.
Key aspects of the mission
  1. Quantum Computing: Advancing quantum computing capabilities for solving complex problems and enhancing computational efficiency.
  2. Quantum Communication: Developing secure and high-speed quantum communication networks to safeguard sensitive information.
  3. Quantum Sensing: Utilizing quantum principles for ultra-precise measurements in fields such as navigation, imaging, and environmental monitoring.
  4. Quantum Metrology: Enhancing measurement accuracy by exploiting quantum properties, leading to advancements in metrology and standards.
  5. Quantum Materials and Devices: Investigating and harnessing the unique properties of quantum materials to develop advanced devices for diverse applications.
Challenges for India’s National Quantum Mission
  • Skilled Workforce: Quantum technology demands a highly skilled workforce with expertise in quantum physics, engineering, and related disciplines.
  • Research and Development: Developing cutting-edge quantum technologies and pushing the boundaries of scientific knowledge pose challenges in terms of funding, expertise, and access to advanced infrastructure and equipment.
  • Infrastructure and Resources: Quantum technology requires advanced infrastructure, including specialized laboratories, fabrication facilities, and high-performance computing resources.
  • Standardization and Interoperability: . Achieving interoperability among different quantum systems and ensuring compatibility across platforms is a challenge.
  • International Competition: India faces competition from other nations that have made significant progress in quantum technology, such as the United States, China, and European countries. Maintaining a competitive edge and staying at the forefront of quantum advancements is a challenge.
  • Funding and Resource Allocation: Adequate funding is critical for the success of the National Quantum Mission. Securing sustained funding and effective resource allocation, both from government sources and private investments, is a challenge.
  • Collaboration and Partnerships: Quantum technology development requires collaboration among academia, research institutions, industry, and government bodies. Building effective partnerships, fostering knowledge sharing, and promoting collaboration across different sectors and organizations is a challenge.
  • Ethical and Societal Implications:  The development and application of quantum technologies, such as quantum computing and cryptography, may have significant societal implications, including data privacy, cybersecurity, and societal disruption. Addressing these concerns and establishing ethical frameworks and guidelines is a challenge.
Way forward
  • Research Collaboration
  • Robust Funding.
  • Public Awareness and Outreach
  • Skill Development
  • Regulatory Frameworks
  • Infrastructure Development
  • International Collaboration
  • Industry Engagement

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