State PCS

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UPSC Study Material

Indian Polity

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Indian Constitution

Historical Underpinnings And Evolution

Fundamental Rights (Articles 12-35)

Emergency Provisions

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

  • Functions And Responsibilities Of The Union And The States
    • 7th Schedule
    • Federal System Of Government
  • Issues and Challenges Pertaining To the Federal Structure.
    • Federal System Of India- Federalism With Tilt Towards Centre
    • Cooperative Federalism
    • Competitive Federalism
    • Centre State Relations
      • Legislative Relations
      • Administrative Relations
      • Financial Relations
      • GST Council (Centre State Relations)
      • Important Recommends On Centre-State Relations
    • Inter-State Relations
      • Inter-State Water Disputes
      • Inter-State Council
      • Inter-State Trade And Commerce
      • Zonal Councils
    • Governors Role
    • Commissions On Centre State Relations
    • NITI Aayog (Issue And Challenges)
  • Devolution of Powers and Finances Up To Local Levels and Challenges Therein.
    • 73rd Amendment Act- Panchayati Raj
      • Evolution Of Panchayati Raj
      • Constitutionalisation Of PRI
      • Compulsory And Voluntary Provisions Of The Act
      • PESA Act, 1996
    • 74th Amendment Act- Municipalities
      • Historical Perspective Of Local Bodies In India
      • Salient Features Of 74th Amendment Act
      • Types Of Urban Governments In India
      • Significance Of ULB
      • Present Status Of Urban Local Bodies
      • Challenges Faced By ULBs
      • Measures Required In Addressing These Challenges
    • Finance Commission (Devolution Of Power)
    • Evolution Of Devolution Of Powers And Finances
    • Special Provisions To Some States

Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

  • Separation Of Powers Between Various Organs
    • Doctrine Of Separation Of Power
    • Constitutional Status Of Separation Of Power In India
    • Few Judiciary Decisions Which Upheld The Separation Of Powers Doctrine
    • Comparison Of Separation Of Powers In USA
  • Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and Institutions.
    • Judiciary – SC, HC
    • Tribunals SC,HC
    • Election Commission (Dispute Redressal Mechanisms And Institutions)
    • PIL
    • NITI Aayog (Dispute Redressal)

Comparison of the Indian Constitutional Scheme with that of Other Countries

  • Borrowed Features
  • Presidential Vs Parliamentary Form Of Government
  • Comparison With Countries – USA, UK, French, Canada Etc

Parliament and State Legislatures

  • Structure
  • Functioning
  • Conduct Of Business
  • Powers & Privileges
  • Issues Arising Out Of These
    • Role Of Speaker
    • Leader Of Opposition
    • Anti-Defection Law
    • Criminalization Of Politics

Structure, Organization and
Functioning of the

  • Executive
    • Union: President, PM, Council Of Ministers, Cabinet, Cabinet Committees, Cabinet Secretariat
    • State: Governor, Chief Minister, State Council Of Ministers
  • Judiciary
    • Supreme Court
      • Appointment Of Judges
      • Evolution Of Collegium System
      • Qualification, Oath, Tenure And Salary Of Judges
      • Acting Chief Justice
      • Seat Of The Supreme Court
      • Ad Hoc Judges And Retired Judges Of Supreme Court
      • Independence Of The Supreme Court
      • Jurisdictions And Powers Of Supreme Court
    • High Court
    • Sub-Ordinate Courts
    • Independence Of Judiciary
    • Judicial Review
    • Judicial Activism And Judicial Over-Reach
  • Ministries And Departments Of The Government
    • Cabinet Ministries
    • Other Important Ministries
  • Pressure Groups and Formal/Informal Associations and Their Role in the Polity.
    • Characteristics Of Pressure Groups
    • Types Of Pressure Groups (Polity)
    • Functions, Role & Importance Of Pressure Groups
    • Techniques/Methods Applied By Pressure Groups
    • Pressure Groups In India
    • Challenges Faced By Pressure Groups

Salient Features of the Representation
of People’s Act.

  • RPA Acts
  • Recent Amendments To RP Act
  • Electoral Reforms
  • Political Parties
  • Election And Election Laws

Appointment to various Constitutional Posts, Powers, Functions and Responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

  • Election Commission
  • GST Council
  • UPSC (Polity)
  • State Public Service Commission
  • Finance Commission (App)
  • National Commission For SCs
  • National Commission For STs
  • National Commission For BCs
  • Special Officer For Linguistic Minorities
  • Comptroller And Auditor General Of India
  • Attorney General Of India
  • Advocate General Of The State

Statutory, Regulatory and various
Quasi-judicial Bodies.

  • Tribunals – CAT, SAT
  • NITI Aayog (Statutory)
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • State Information Commission
  • Central Vigilance Commission
  • Central Bureau Of Investigation
  • Lokpal And Lokayuktas
  • National Commission For Women
  • National Commission For Minorities
  • National Disaster Management Authority
  • National Investigation Agency
  • Central Pollution Control Board
  • National Green Tribunal
  • Competition Appellate Tribunal
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