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Implementation Of DPSPs

The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has been taken from the Irish constitution and enumerated in Part IV of the Indian....Implementation Of DPSPs

The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has been taken from the Irish constitution and enumerated in Part IV of the Indian Constitution. There are some acts and policies from 1950 onwards which had been implemented to give effect to these Directive Principles.

Implementation of DPSP: Associated Acts and Amendments
  • The Minimum Wages Act (1948)
  • Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act (1986) 
  • The Maternity Benefit Act (1961)
  • Equal Remuneration Act (1976) 
  • Handloom Board, Handicrafts Board, Coir Board, Silk Board, etc. have been set up for the development of cottage industries in the country.
  • Integrated Rural Development Programme (1978)
  • Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (1989)
  • Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (1999)
  • Sampoorna Gram Rozgar Yojana (2001) 
  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programmes (2006) 
  • The National Forest Policy (1988)
  • Article 21-A was inserted by the 86th amendment, making free education for children below the age of 14 compulsory. 
  • Prevention of Atrocities Act safeguarding the interests of SCs and STs.
  • Several Land Reform Acts.

Cooperative farming

  • Labour Reforms: The following acts were enacted to protect the interests of the Labour section of the society.
  • The Minimum Wages Act (1948), Code on Wages, 2020
  • The Contract Labour Regulation and Abolition Act (1970)
  • The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act (1986)
  • Renamed as the Child and Adolescent Labour Prohibition and  Regulation Act, 1986 in 2016.
  • The Bonded Labour System Abolition Act (1976)
  • The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957
  • Maternity Benefit Act (1961) and the Equal Remuneration Act (1976) have been made to protect the interests of women workers.

Panchayati Raj System

  • Panchayati Raj System: Through 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992, government fulfilled constitutional obligation stated in Article 40.
  • Three tier Panchayati Raj System’ was introduced at the Village, Block and District level in almost all parts of the country.

Cottage Industries

  • Cottage Industries: To promote cottage industries as per Article 43, the government has established several Boards such as Village Industries Board,
  • Khadi and Village Industries CommissionAll India Handicraft BoardSilk Board, Coir Board, etc., which provide essential help to cottage industries in finance and marketing.


  • Education: Government has implemented provisions related to free and compulsory education as provided in Article 45.
  • Introduced by the 86th Constitutional Amendment and subsequently passed the Rights to Education Act 2009, Elementary Education has been accepted as Fundamental Right of each child between the 6 to 14 years of age.

Rural Area Development

  • Rural Area Development: Programmes such as the Community Development Programme (1952), Integrated Rural Development Programme  (1978-79) and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act  (MGNREGA-2006) were launched to raise the standard of living particularly in rural areas, as stated in the Article 47 of the Constitution.
  • Health: Central Government sponsored schemes like Pradhan Mantri Gram  Swasthya Yojana (PMGSY) and National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)are being implemented to fulfill the social sector responsibility of the Indian State.
  • Environment: The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the Forest (Conservation)  Act, 1980 and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 have been enacted to safeguard the wildlife and the forests respectively.
  • The Water and Air Pollution Control Acts have provided for the establishment of the Central Pollution Control Board.
  • Heritage Preservation: The Ancient and Historical Monument and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (1958) has been enacted to protect the monuments, places and objects of national importance.

Implementation Of DPSPs, Implementation Of DPSPs

Read Also: Criticism Of Directive Principles

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