Preamble of The Constitution of India

About Preamble of the Indian Constitution

Preamble gives the idea about the following:

  • The source of the Constitution;
  • Nature of Indian State;
  • A statement of its objectives; and
  • The date of its adoption

Thus, on analyzing the key aspects of the Preamble, it can be divided into three parts by reference to it qualitative characteristics. The Preamble is DECLARATORY, as to the enactment of the Preamble to the Constitution, i.e., the people of India in their Constituent Assembly adopted, enacted and gave to themselves this Constitution.

REVOLUTIONARY, in the sense of the legislative intent of the preamble, i.e., whereby the people of India solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens.

INFORMATIVE, as to the source of the Preamble to the Constitution, i.e, “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA”.

Question Arises

PREAMBLE is an important part of INDIAN CONSTITUTION or NOT?

In the BERUBARI CASE of 1960

 HONOURABLE SUPREME COURT had held that the preamble isn’t the part of Indian Constitution. 

In the KESAVANANDA BHARATI CASE of 1973  

Supreme court rejected the earlier opinion or the earlier instruction which was taken under BERUBARI UNION CASE and held that PREAMBLE is an important part of INDIAN CONSTITUTION .

It observed that the Preamble is of extreme importance and the Constitution should be read and interpreted in the light of the grand and noble vision expressed in the PREAMBLE.

In the LIC OF INDIA Vs CONSUMER EDUCATION & RESEARCH CENTRE of 1995 also the SC again held that the preamble is an integral part of the CONSTITUTION.

In the light of kesavananda Bharati Case as well as other judgments, there are some key points about the constitution which must be remembered as far as the importance of the knowledge of PREAMBLE for every country people & for examinations’ point of view is concerned.

These key things are as follows: –

  • Preamble is an integral Part of the Constitution.
  • It Indicates basic structure of the Constitution (SR Bommai Case).
  • It can be amended by Parliament using its amendment powers as per article 368. 
  • We note here that preamble has been amended only once so far through the 42nd Constitution Amendment Act 1976. 
  • The words Secular, Socialist and Integrity were added to the constitution.
  • It enshrines the ideas and philosophy of the constitution, and NOT the narrow objectives of the governments.
  • It also does NOT provide any legal framework of constitutional law.
  • It neither provides any power nor imposes any duty.
  • Its importance is in role to be played in interpretation of statues, also in the interpretation of provisions of the Constitution.
  • Constitution should be read and interpreted in the light of grand and novel vision expressed in the preamble.
  • It is neither enforceable not justifiable in a court of law. This implies that courts cannot pass orders against the government in India to implement the ideas in the Preamble.
  • As we know now that the PREAMBLE is neither a source of power to legislature nor a prohibition upon the powers of legislature.

ALSO READ: STATE UNDER ARTICLE 12 OF THE CONSTITUTION

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