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Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve

Forest personnel clearing encroachments in Chhattisgarh's Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve have been attacked by the villagers.

Why in news?

Villagers have attacked forest personnel clearing encroachments in Chhattisgarh’s Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve.

About Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve:

It is in the Gariaband district of Chhattisgarh. The merging of two separate wildlife sanctuaries (Udanti and Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuaries) established it in 2008-09.

Rivers:– The Udanti & Sitanadi wildlife sanctuaries derive their name from the rivers Udanti & Sitanadi which flow through the respective sanctuaries.

Flora:-Teak, Sal Forest, Dry Bamboo Forest.


Asiatic Wild Buffalo is the key endangered species found here. Apart from the tiger other endangered & rare species are Indian Wolf, Leopard, Sloth Bear & Mouse Deer.

Read also:- Tiger Census Data Reveals 3,167 Tigers in 2022: PM launched the International Big Cats Alliance (IBCA)

Significance Of Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve

Located in the state of Chhattisgarh, India, the Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is a significant protected area. Established in 2008, it spans an area of approximately 1,125 square kilometers.

  • Biodiversity Conservation: The reserve is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including the Bengal tiger, leopard, wild boar, chital, sambar deer, gaur, sloth bear, and several species of reptiles and birds. It serves as a crucial habitat for the conservation of these species, contributing to their long-term survival.
  • Tiger Conservation: The Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is particularly notable for its efforts in tiger conservation. The authorities have declared it a critical tiger habitat. And it plays a significant role in the conservation of the endangered Bengal tiger.
  • The reserve implements various conservation strategies, including anti-poaching measures, habitat management, and community engagement, to protect and increase the tiger population.
  • Wildlife Corridor: The reserve acts as a crucial wildlife corridor connecting the Kanha Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh. The Achanakmar Tiger Reserve in Chhattisgarh. This corridor allows for the movement of wildlife, promoting gene flow between populations and ensuring the long-term genetic viability of various species.

Read also:- Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Ecological Importance: Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is situated in the Central Indian Highlands, a region known for its rich biodiversity and ecological significance. The reserve includes pristine forests, rivers, and grasslands, contributing to the overall ecological balance of the landscape. It helps maintain hydrological cycles, regulate local climate, and provide vital ecosystem services.
  • Tourism and Education: The reserve offers opportunities for wildlife tourism and nature-based activities. It attracts visitors who have an interest in experiencing the beauty of the natural landscape and observing wildlife in their natural habitat.
  • This generates tourism revenue and contributes to local economies. The reserve also serves as an outdoor classroom for educational institutions, raising awareness about biodiversity conservation and fostering a sense of environmental stewardship.
  • Community Engagement and Livelihoods: The Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve actively involves local communities in conservation efforts. It implements various community-based programs that promote sustainable livelihoods, alternative income generation, and capacity building. By ensuring the participation and support of local communities, the reserve aims to reduce human-wildlife conflicts and foster a sense of ownership and responsibility towards conservation.


In conclusion, the Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is of significant importance for biodiversity conservation, particularly in terms of tiger conservation and the protection of a wide range of flora and fauna. It serves as a vital wildlife corridor, supports ecological balance, promotes tourism, and engages local communities in conservation efforts, making it an important protected area in Chhattisgarh and the Central Indian Highlands.

Read also:- International North – South Transport Corridor

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