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The difference between substantial Law and procedural law

what is the difference between substantial law and procedural law?Substantial law and procedural law are two fundamental components...

what is the difference between substantial law and procedural law?

Substantial law and procedural law are two fundamental components of the legal system that serve distinct purposes. Here’s the difference between the two:

Substantial Law:


Substantial law, also known as substantive law, refers to the body of law that defines and governs individuals’ rights, duties, obligations, and legal relationships.


It establishes the standards and rules that determine what conduct is legal or illegal, permissible or prohibited, and what rights and protections individuals possess in various areas of life.


Substantive law encompasses areas such as criminal law, contract law, property law, family law, tort law, constitutional law, and various other branches of law that establish rights, responsibilities, and legal remedies.

Also Read: Important Notes of CPC (Civil Procedure Code) for Judiciary-PCSJ-Law

Procedural Law:


Procedural law outlines the rules and processes that govern how legal proceedings are conducted, including the steps, methods, and requirements for enforcing and resolving legal rights and obligations.


It establishes the mechanisms and framework for bringing a case to court, presenting evidence, conducting trials, and enforcing judgments.


Procedural law includes the rules of civil procedure, criminal procedure, administrative procedure, rules of evidence, rules for appeals, and other regulations that guide the progression of a legal case through the courts.

Also Read: What Are Fundamental Rights Of Indian Constitution ?

Key Differences:

Nature and Focus:

Substantial law focuses on defining rights and obligations, while procedural law focuses on the processes and mechanisms for enforcing and resolving legal disputes.


Substantial law applies to the substantive aspects of legal cases, defining the rights and responsibilities of the parties involved. Procedural law applies to the procedural aspects, governing the conduct of legal proceedings.


Substantial law deals with the substantive rights, duties, and legal principles in specific areas of law. Procedural law deals with the rules and procedures for enforcing and protecting those rights through the legal system.


Substantial law determines the legal rights and obligations of individuals and the consequences of their actions. Procedural law governs how those rights and obligations are asserted, defended, and resolved through legal procedures.

In summary, substantial law establishes substantive rights and obligations, while procedural law governs the processes and procedures for enforcing and resolving those legal rights and obligations. Both aspects are essential components of the legal system and work together to ensure justice and fairness in the administration of the law.

Also Read: Difference Between Civil And Criminal Offences, Subjects Of International Law, Ecosystem UPSC – Current Affairs,

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