Why in News
The Ministry of Education has launched NIPUN (National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy) Bharat Scheme.
It aims to cover the learning needs of children in the age group of 3 to 9 years.
What Is NIPUN Bharat Mission?
NIPUN Bharat Mission or National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy is launched by the Education Ministry of India under National Education Policy 2020.
This scheme ensures that every child in India gains foundational numeracy and literacy by the end of Grade 3.
NIPUN Bharat focuses on transforming the monotonous education system into an integrated, enjoyable, all-inclusive and engaging.
It instructs teachers or educators to prepare a study plan that develops the students’ literary and basic language skills.
Moreover, as a part of Smagra Siksha, it will work to retain students till their foundational learning is complete, improve learning or training modules, increase teacher capacity and track each child’s progress.
NIPUN mission plans to achieve the discussed goals by 2026-27.
Let’s check who is eligible to gain the benefits offered under the said scheme. This will help understand the plan in detail.
NIPUN Bharat Mission Benefits
Under NIPUN Bharat mission, Children in Class 4 and 5 without a foundational skill and studying will be offered peer support,
Tutor guidance and additional learning materials to strengthen their educational proficiency.
NIPUN aims to complete their by private and Government aided schools by 2026-27.
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Education in India
- Constitutional Provisions:
- Part IV of Indian Constitution, Article 45 and Article 39 (f) of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP), has a provision for state-funded as well as equitable and accessible education.
- The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution in 1976 moved education from the State to the Concurrent List.
- The education policies by the Central government provide a broad direction and state governments are expected to follow it. But it is not mandatory, for instance Tamil Nadu does not follow the three-language formula prescribed by the first education policy in 1968.
- The 86th Amendment in 2002 made education an enforceable right under Article 21-A.
- Related Laws:
- Right To Education (RTE) Act, 2009 aims to provide primary education to all children aged 6 to 14 years and enforces education as a Fundamental Right.
- It mandates non-minority private unaided schools to keep aside at least 25% of their entry-level seats for children belonging to disadvantaged sections to create a more integrated and inclusive schooling system.
- Government Initiatives:
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Mid Day Meal Scheme, Navodaya Vidyalaya’s (NVS schools), Kendriya Vidyalaya’s (KV schools) and use of IT in education are a result of the NEP of 1986.
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