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Nationalization and Nationalism of Indian Sapiens


In the essay “Nationalization and Nationalism of Indian Sapiens” by Anshaj Sahay, a prominent focus is placed on India’s journey towards development, highlighting both its significant progress and the remaining challenges on the path to becoming a fully developed nation. The essay effectively presents a dual narrative, with the first part addressing the issues and hurdles faced by India and its people, and the second part delving into the remarkable growth story and the essential social reforms needed to pave the way for India’s development.

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Nationalism is a deeply rooted political and cultural concept that has endured through the ages, emphasizing people’s loyalty and pride in their nation, often defined by shared language, history, culture, or ethnicity. Since India’s independence, the country has been a melting pot of remarkable achievements, challenges, and societal changes. It has excelled in various fields while grappling with issues like poverty, education, and social inequality, all within the framework of the world’s largest democracy. India’s path forward is characterized by both dynamism and stability as it shapes its role on the global stage.

The time of partition was marked by significant challenges for India and its people. The separation of India and Pakistan resulted in mass migration and displacement, accompanied by violence, communal strife, and the heartbreaking separation of families, creating a massive humanitarian crisis.

Furthermore, the integration of 576 princely states into the Union of India required delicate negotiations and diplomacy. Some, like Junagadh and Hyderabad, resisted, but the astute leadership of figures like Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ensured their smooth integration into India.

India also faced substantial economic challenges, including the division of assets and resources, as it sought to rebuild its economy after years of colonial rule. The early years of independence were marked by political instability as the nation worked to form a peaceful and stable government.

Additionally, India had to establish modern foreign policies and defense mechanisms, building armed forces and diplomatic relations with other nations. Over the decades, India faced conflicts with Pakistan and China, resulting in several wars that strained relationships and contributed to religious tensions in the country. The Sino-Indian War of 1962, in particular, had a significant impact on India’s military and economy.

Despite being a diverse nation with various religious groups, India has faced religious discord leading to widespread riots and violence. However, the people of India have consistently demonstrated unwavering determination and resilience, standing together against those who seek to sow discord among different groups and ideologies.

Hindutva Ideology

In recent years, there has been a noticeable increase in the prominence of Hindutva ideology, which has become intertwined with Indian nationalism. This rise in Hindutva has unfortunately exacerbated divisions within the religion, leading to various sub-castes emerging. These divisions have resulted in heightened social and economic discrimination against marginalized groups in society. The stigma associated with caste has led to a troubling belief that manual labor jobs are primarily for those from disadvantaged backgrounds, while white-collar positions are reserved for those from so-called upper castes who see themselves as superior to others.

Despite these obstacles, India is actively working towards its goal of becoming a more developed, refined, and decorated nation by the year 2047.

To address the challenges faced by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals within our community, several government initiatives have been introduced, including schemes like the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, and the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. These programs aim to tackle different facets of social and financial development for those in need, covering areas such as poverty reduction, education, healthcare, housing, and employment opportunities.

India is a vibrant nation brimming with a rich tapestry of traditions, captivating architecture, timeless art, and customs that have thrived over countless millennia. From iconic landmarks like the Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, and the mesmerizing Ajanta Caves, these sites not only represent India’s historical treasures but also serve as major tourist attractions. The Archaeological Survey of India plays a pivotal role in their restoration and preservation.

India’s diverse cultural celebrations, including Diwali, Holi, and Eid, are not just moments of merriment but essential aspects of its cultural heritage. These festivals are celebrated with great zeal and are integral to India’s unique identity.

India boasts numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and the Indian government is deeply committed to preserving and safeguarding these sites to ensure they endure for future generations to cherish.

Additionally, India takes immense pride in its traditional arts and crafts, ranging from the intricate Madhubani paintings of Bihar to the enchanting Mandala Art from Maharashtra. These age-old artistic expressions, along with crafts like pottery, weaving, and metalwork, are a cherished part of the country’s heritage. The government actively supports artisans and promotes their crafts.

Finally, like many nations, India faces challenges related to women’s safety and gender equality. Nevertheless, substantial efforts have been undertaken at various levels to address these issues and foster a more inclusive and equitable society. Initiatives include a robust legal framework to protect women’s rights and safety, such as the Protection of Woman from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, and the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibitions and Redressal) Act, 2013, which aim to safeguard women from violence and harassment.

The Nirbhaya Fund

In 2013, the Indian government launched the Nirbhaya Fund with the goal of bolstering the safety and security of women. This fund has been put to good use by funding a range of initiatives, such as installing CCTV cameras in public areas and establishing helplines specifically designed to assist women in need.

Social Awareness Campaigns like “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” (Save the Daughter, Educate the Daughter) aim to promote the values of girls in society.

Despite the significant progress achieved, there remains much work ahead to guide India towards becoming a developed nation. This journey calls for a united effort from the government, civil society, and individuals to challenge stereotypes, address systemic issues, and cultivate an environment where every citizen can lead a dignified and thriving life.

Given the above considerations about India’s development, it’s important to recognize the substantial responsibilities and challenges that all citizens must embrace. We must come together to shape the nation that our ancestors once envisioned.

Read Also: How Private Bills Can Impact Changes to the Constitution’s Preamble

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