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National Commission of Women

National Commission of Women

The National Commission for Women was created with the aim of ensuring fair and equal opportunities for women in India. Its purpose is to bring about legal and constitutional changes that support women’s rights. The commission specifically focuses on addressing violence against women, recognizing it as a fundamental violation of human rights that transcends borders, societies, cultures, and social classes. By working to stop such violations, the commission strives to create a society where women can live with dignity and equality.

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About National Commission of Women

  • The National Commission for Women (NCW) is a government body in India formed in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act of 1990.It’s like a special team that helps the government understand and decide on things that affect women.
  • The NCW’s main goal is to stand up for the rights of women in India and speak up for the things that matter to them.
  • The NCW runs campaigns on various issues that women face, such as problems with dowry, getting fair chances in jobs, and not being treated fairly because of things like politics or religion.
  • They also focus on stopping the unfair treatment of women in jobs and making sure women aren’t taken advantage of for their work.
  • If women have faced violence, discrimination, harassment, or if their rights have been taken away, they can complain to the NCW. The NCW looks into these complaints and tries to help.


Advocating for Women’s Rights:The main goal of the National Commission for Women (NCW) in India is to be a strong voice for women. They tackle the challenges faced by women in our society and champion their rights.

Providing Policy Guidance: These women’s commissions don’t just talk the talk; they actively advise the government on policies that impact women. Their recommendations help shape laws and policies that ensure equality and protect women’s rights.

Upholding Constitutional Safeguards: Imagine women’s commissions as guardians of the Constitution for women. They thoroughly investigate and examine anything related to women’s safeguards in the Indian Constitution and other laws, making sure that women’s rights are not just on paper but are actively protected.

Addressing Complaints: They’re like superheroes for women facing issues. Women’s commissions not only listen to complaints about discrimination, harassment, or violence but actively work to solve these problems. They’re on the front lines, ensuring justice for women.

Taking the Initiative: These commissions aren’t just reactive; they can also be proactive. If they see something wrong or a law not being followed, they can take action without waiting for a complaint. It’s like they have a radar for issues that affect women.

Empowering Women: Women’s commissions aren’t just about fixing problems; they’re about making women stronger. They focus on boosting women’s economic development, education, and health. It’s all about creating opportunities for women to shine and succeed in different areas of life.


Research and Study:
  • Women’s commissions dig into issues affecting women’s rights and gender equality.
  • They collect info to back up their suggestions for better policies.
Advocacy and Awareness:
  • These commissions speak up to make people more aware of women’s rights and equality.
  • They run campaigns and events to change how society sees and treats women.
  • Women’s commissions lend a hand to women who’ve faced unfair treatment, violence, or rights violations.
  • They help these women get justice and navigate through legal processes.
Training and Capacity Building:
  • Commissions run programs to train different groups, like law enforcement, to better understand women’s issues.
  • The goal is to improve how they handle challenges related to gender.
Policy Recommendations:
  • Using their research, women’s commissions suggest new policies to the government.
  • The aim is to fix the unequal treatment of genders and make a more inclusive society.
Collaboration and Partnerships:
  • Commissions team up with different groups, like NGOs and other parts of the government.
  • Together, they work on making sure women’s rights and gender equality become everyone’s business.


Lack of Adequate Resources and Autonomy: Women’s commissions often run into financial troubles, mainly relying on government funds. This heavy reliance can make it tough for them to stand on their own, affecting how well they can actually help out.

Political Interference: Because they get chosen by the folks in charge, women’s commissions might feel the heat to steer clear of cases that could make the government or its friends look bad. This meddling from the political side can mess with how fair and devoted they are to women’s rights.

Limited Awareness and Accessibility: Lots of women, especially in far-off places, don’t even know these commissions exist or what they’re all about. This lack of info makes it really hard for them to reach out for help and support when they’re going through tough times.

Read Also: Misuse of Section 498A IPC

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