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Iron Dome

Iron Dome

Deployed in 2011, it is a short-range, ground-to-air, air defence system that includes a radar and Tamir interceptor missiles that track and neutralise any rockets or missiles aimed at Israeli targets. It is used for countering rockets, artillery & mortars (C-RAM) as well as aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles. Its success rate is over 90%.

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Details of Iron Dome

Country of originIsrael
Entered service2011
Number of missiles20
Missile length3 m
Missile diameter0.16 m
Missile weight90 kg
Warhead typeFragmentation
Range of fire4 – 70 km

Need of Iron Dome 

The creation of the Iron Dome stemmed from Israel’s urgent need to protect its citizens from relentless rocket assaults, especially those originating from Gaza. Over time, it has become an essential component of Israel’s larger air defense framework, alongside other systems like David’s Sling and the Arrow missile defense systems, all working tirelessly to safeguard lives and ensure the nation’s security.

Working of Iron Dome 

The system operates by using advanced radar to detect incoming rockets and then launches interceptor missiles to destroy them in mid-air. This helps to prevent the rockets from reaching their intended targets on the ground.

This missile defence system consists of three main components that work together to provide protection over the area where it is deployed. These components are: 

  1. Detection and Tracking Radar: This radar system is responsible for detecting and tracking incoming threats, such as rockets and artillery shells. It plays a critical role in identifying the trajectory, speed, and location of the incoming projectiles.
  2. Battle Management and Control (BMC) System: The BMC system is the command and control center that processes the information from the radar and makes real-time decisions regarding whether an intercept is necessary. It calculates the projected impact point of the incoming threat and determines whether it poses a danger to populated areas.
  3. Missile Firing Unit: When the BMC system decides that an intercept is necessary, the missile firing unit launches an interceptor missile to intercept and destroy the incoming threat. These interceptor missiles are known as Tamir and are equipped with advanced guidance systems to accurately home in on the target and neutralize it in mid-air.


The Iron Dome missile defense system is crucial for Israel and the wider region due to several key reasons:

  1. Protecting Civilians: Its main aim is to shield Israeli cities and communities from rocket attacks, particularly those launched by Hamas in Gaza and Hezbollah in Lebanon. This protection is vital for safeguarding civilian lives and infrastructure.
  2. Boosting National Security: By reducing the threat of rocket attacks, the Iron Dome significantly enhances Israel’s overall national security posture. It helps mitigate risks posed by adversaries and contributes to a more secure environment for Israelis.
  3. Strategic Deterrence: The mere presence of the Iron Dome acts as a deterrent, dissuading potential aggressors from initiating rocket attacks against Israel. This deterrence factor plays a crucial role in maintaining regional stability and preventing escalations of conflict.
  4. International Relations: Israel’s successful deployment and export of the Iron Dome have bolstered its diplomatic relations with other countries, particularly with the United States. This cooperation underscores Israel’s role as a reliable partner in addressing shared security challenges.
  5. Technological Advancement: The ongoing development and improvement of the Iron Dome represent a significant milestone in missile defense technology. This innovation not only strengthens Israel’s defense capabilities but also contributes to advancements in global security technology.

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