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Euclid Space Telescope is launched by ESA to examine the solar system’s bodies

Euclid Space Telescope

The European Space Agency (ESA) has successfully launched the Euclid Space Telescope, a revolutionary instrument designed to revolutionize our understanding of the cosmos. Equipped with advanced technology, this telescope will enable researchers to generate precise three-dimensional images of billions of galaxies spanning a vast area of 10 billion light-years. The Euclid Telescope is expected to unravel the enigmas surrounding dark matter, dark energy, and the expansion of the universe. Furthermore, its state-of-the-art capabilities will have wide-ranging benefits in areas such as oceans, global health, human resources, and climate change.

Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe

Building the most accurate three-dimensional map of the cosmos possible is the main goal of the Euclid Space Telescope. It will examine countless galaxies over the course of its anticipated six-year mission, covering a vast region of 10 billion light-years. Scientists are working to understand the mysteries of the universe’s expansion and acquire important insights into its development by carefully studying the locations, distances, and forms of these objects.

Exploring Dark Matter and Dark Energy

The great bulk of the universe’s mass and energy are made up of dark matter and dark energy, but their exact form is yet unknown. The information from Euclid’s observations will be essential to comprehending these puzzling events. Scientists want to learn more about dark matter’s composition and function in the creation of the universe’s structures by examining the gravitational effects of dark matter on light and mapping its distribution throughout the cosmos. In addition, Euclid will study the evolution of massive cosmic structures across time in order to better understand dark energy, the force causing the universe to expand at an accelerated rate.

Installation at Lagrange 2 Point

The Euclid Telescope will be located near the second Lagrange Point (L2), 1.5 million kilometres away from Earth, in order to accomplish its lofty objectives. A clear view of the universe and little interference from the Earth’s atmosphere are only two benefits of this location. The telescope’s location at L2 will allow it to view mysterious cosmic occurrences that are difficult to spot from the surface of the Earth.

Euclid’s Instrumentation and Capabilities

Advanced equipment for capturing and analysing light in the near-infrared range are included in the Euclid Space Telescope. Its near-infrared spectrometer, photometer, and 1.2-meter primary mirror provide accurate imaging, spectroscopy, and photometry of celestial objects. Accurate measurements of weak signals from far-off galaxies are made possible by the telescope’s sunshield, which shields the instrument from solar radiation and keeps the inside at a constant temperature.

Key takeaways for competitive examinations
  • Director General of The European Space Agency: Josef Aschbacher
  • Headquarters of European Space Agency: Paris, France

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