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El Niño La Niña and Global Warming

El Niño and Global Warming

The World Meteorological Organization reported the development of El Nino conditions in the tropical Pacific, setting the stage for potential disruptions in global temperatures and weather patterns. Cyclical Times shares information about El Niño, La Niña, and Global Warming.

El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a natural climatic phenomenon. It comes with cycles affecting ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific, influencing global temperature patterns. El Nino causes warming in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean in irregular cycles. This is followed by La Niña and a neutral phase.

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ENSO’s Impact on Climate Patterns:

The IPCC Sixth Assessment Report predicts a significant increase in ENSO’s rainfall variability, irrespective of amplitude changes, by the latter half of the 21st century. This foresees wetter El Niño and drier La Niña in the future.

Addressing Climate Changes:

The heightened ENSO variability under greenhouse warming demands a deeper understanding of its impacts. While historical data shed light on El Niño’s effects, the intricate relationship between ENSO and climate change necessitates further climate research and analysis.

Moving forward:

Greenhouse warming is leading to heightened air-sea coupling, primarily due to amplified upper equatorial ocean stratification. It serves as a foundation for the rise in El Niño La Niña and Global Warming variability.

While we possess a comprehensive understanding of previous El Niño teleconnections and their effects on precipitation, the intricate interplays between ENSO and climate change demand further climate research and thorough investigations.

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