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Dudhwa National Park

A carcass of a two-year-old tigress was recovered from the buffer zone of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. Dudhwa National Park...

Why in news?

The authorities recovered the carcass of a two-year-old tigress from the buffer zone of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.

Read also:- First Pharma Park


The Dudhwa National Park is located in the districts of Lakhimpur and Kheri in Uttar Pradesh, along border with Nepal.

  • This region comes under the sub-Himalayan area called as Terai belt.
  • Marshes, grasslands, and dense forests make up Dudhwa.

Read also:- Marine National Park (Gulf of Kutch)


  • Dudhwa National Park through which Suheli and Mohana streams flow.
  • Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary through which Sharda River flows.
  • Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary through which Geruwa River flows.
  • All of these rivers are tributaries of the Ghagra River.


  • Tiger, Rhinoceros, Swamp deer, Elephant, Sambar, Hog deer, Cheetal, Sloth bear, Blue bull, Porcupine, Otter, Python, Monitor lizard, Mugger, Gharial etc.
  • In Dudhwa, one can spot both Tigers and Rhinos together, making it the only place in U.P. where this is possible.

Significance of Dudhwa National Park

  1. Biodiversity Conservation: Dudhwa National Park earns recognition for its rich biodiversity and its role as a crucial habitat for numerous plant and animal species.
  2. It is home to several endangered and rare species, including the Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, swamp deer, and many others. The park plays a vital role in their conservation and helps maintain ecological balance in the region.
  3. Tiger Reserve: Dudhwa National Park is also recognized as a Tiger Reserve, aiming to protect and conserve the endangered Bengal tiger population. The park implements conservation measures and initiatives to safeguard these magnificent creatures, contributing to their overall preservation.
  4. Avian Diversity: The park is renowned for its avian diversity, with over 450 species of birds recorded. It attracts birdwatchers and enthusiasts from around the world who come to witness and study the varied birdlife present in the park. Dudhwa serves as an important habitat for migratory birds, making it a significant destination for bird conservation.
  5. Unique Ecosystem: Dudhwa National Park is located in the Terai region of Uttar Pradesh, India, which is characterized by a diverse ecosystem consisting of dense forests, grasslands, wetlands, and rivers. This unique ecosystem supports a wide range of flora and fauna, creating a valuable natural landscape worth preserving.
  6. Tourism and Recreation: Dudhwa National Park offers visitors a chance to experience the beauty of nature and witness wildlife in their natural habitat. It promotes ecotourism and provides opportunities for nature lovers, photographers, and adventure enthusiasts to explore the wilderness and appreciate its natural wonders.
  7. Research and Education: The park serves as a site for scientific research, environmental studies, and educational programs. It contributes to our understanding of various ecological processes and provides valuable insights into conservation strategies and sustainable management practices.

Read also:- First Pharma Park of Uttar Pradesh

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