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Cauvery River

A meeting of the Cauvery Water Management Authority is set to take place in New Delhi.Cauvery is the third largest river of southern India.

Why in news?

A meeting of the Cauvery Water Management Authority is set to take place in New Delhi.

Read also:- Son River


Cauvery is the third largest river of southern India. In ancient Sangam Literature, the river was also called Ponni.

The Cauvery basin spreads across the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry. It is one of the seven holy rivers of India.


Cauvery River originates from Talacauvery, which is located on Brahmagiri hills in Kodagu district of Karnataka. It flows into the Bay of Bengal in Poompuhar, in Mayiladuthurai district of Tamil Nadu.


Major tributaries include Harangi, Hemavati, Kabini, Bhavani, Lakshmana Tirtha, Noyyal, and Arkavati.

Famous features

Shivanasamudra waterfalls, Hogenkal waterfalls, Mekedatu gorge, KRS dam, Mettur dam, Srirangapatna and Srirangam islands.

The Ranganthittu Bird Sancturay, a Ramsar site, is present on the Cauvery River.

Read also:- Himalayan Drainage System


  1. Water Source: The Cauvery River is one of the major water sources in southern India, providing water for irrigation, drinking water supply, and industrial use to millions of people in its basin.
  2. Agriculture: The river supports extensive agriculture along its course, making it a lifeline for farmers. The fertile Cauvery delta region in Tamil Nadu is known for its cultivation of paddy, sugarcane, and other crops, contributing significantly to the regional and national agricultural production.
  3. Hydropower Generation: The Cauvery River has several dams and reservoirs along its course, which are used for hydropower generation. These power projects help meet the energy demands of the region.
  4. Biodiversity: The Cauvery River and its surrounding ecosystems are home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna. The river and its tributaries support various aquatic species and provide habitats for migratory birds, making it an ecologically important region.
  5. Cultural and Historical Significance: The Cauvery River has deep cultural and historical significance in the region. It is mentioned in ancient Indian texts and scriptures and is considered sacred by many communities. The river has been a witness to numerous kingdoms, civilizations, and cultural practices over the centuries.

Read also:- International Day of Action for Rivers

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