Context: Recently, the Minister of state (independent charge) for science and technology and earth science stated that India will continue to support the efforts of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR).
About the CCAMLR:-
- It had established by an international convention in 1982 with the objective of conserving Antarctic marine life.
Objective of CCAMLR:-
Based on the best available scientific information, the Commission agrees to a set of conservation measures that determine the use of marine living resources in the Antarctic.
- It is an international commission with 27 Members.
- Important members: Australia, Brazil, China, EU, Japan, UK, USAetc
- 10 countries have acceded to the Convention so far.
- India is a member of the convention.
- The CCAMLR Convention entered into force on 7 April 1982.
- CCAMLR’s Secretariat is located in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.
- CCAMLR programs of research, monitoring and the application of conservation measures in the Convention Area make a valuable contribution to Antarctic conservation.
About United Nations 30×30 Framework:-
- It’s a landmark agreement adopted by the UN Biodiversity Conference, COP15.
- It had held in Montreal, Canada.
- It was originally set to be held in Kunming, China, in 2020 but was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- United Nations 30×30 Framework aims to protect 30 percent of the planet’s lands, coastal areas and inland waters by 2030.
- The United Nations has designated the next 10 years “The Decade on Restoration” to halt ecosystem degradation.
- The 30×30 goal is particularly urgent because it’s easier to protect an environment from destruction than it is to regenerate an environment that’s already been degraded.
- An estimated 16.44% of land worldwide is currently protected, along with 7.74% of the ocean, according to the United Nations.
- Roughly three-quarters of all land environments and two-thirds of the ocean has been heavily degraded by human activities, according to the reports.
- The 30% conservation goal gives the planet a chance to recover and could protect millions of species from extinction.
- The countries can protect 30% of their land and marine spaces through legislation.