Why in the news?
The author has discussed the Indo-US relationship, the goals and strategies of both countries and its relevance in global geopolitics in the article titled A crucial six months for India-U.S. Ties published in the Hindu on 11th April 2023.
The recent appointment of the US ambassador to India and the upcoming visits of PM Modi to the USA and President Biden to India were expected to be critical points in the relationship.
Area of Divergence:
The U.S. may want India to change its stance on the Ukraine crisis, while India may seek to persuade the U.S. to have a stronger position against China.
While India would seek greater partnership with the U.S., it would also be reluctant to sever its stable relations with Russia.
Moscow has just released its foreign policy strategy in which it has identified China and India as its main allies.
India is also the president of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a forum that includes China and Russia, until September.
On the other hand, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s overtures to India will be watched as it seeks greater participation from Delhi.
Area of Convergence:
Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technology:
It is expected to expand strategic technology partnership and defence industrial cooperation between the governments, businesses, and academic institutions of the two countries.
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Indo-Pacific partnership :
It is aimed at promoting security and economic growth, increasing trade and investment, and enhancing connectivity in the region.
The partnership is based on the shared vision of a free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific region that is respectful of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries.
The partnership involves a range of initiatives, including joint military exercises, information-sharing on security issues, and collaboration on economic and infrastructure development projects.
It also involves cooperation in areas such as counter-terrorism, cybersecurity, and maritime security.
Countering the growing influence of China :
The U.S. and India share concerns about China’s aggressive actions in the South China Sea, its expanding military presence in the region, and its efforts to establish economic dominance through its Belt and Road Initiative.
Diversifying Supply Chains :
In recent years, there has been growing interest in diversifying supply chains away from China due to geopolitical tensions,
trade disputes, and concerns about over-reliance on a single country.
India’s growing consumer market makes it an attractive destination for U.S. businesses looking to expand their customer base.
India has a relatively low-cost labor force and an abundance of skilled workers in sectors such as Information Technology,
engineering, and manufacturing.
The government has also implemented policies aimed at attracting foreign investment and promoting economic growth.
However, Infrastructure, logistics, and regulatory systems in India are not as well developed as those in China.
India also has a complex legal and bureaucratic system.
To address these challenges, the U.S. and Indian governments have taken steps to promote closer economic ties and facilitate investment.
For example, the U.S.-India Strategic Energy Partnership aims to enhance cooperation in areas such as energy security and access, and climate change.
India and the U.S.A can build upon their Strategic Partnership to form a mutually beneficial relationship with
constructive collaboration in fields of shared interest that helps both nations achieve their goals.
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A crucial six months for India-U.S. ties,A crucial six months for India-U.S. ties