A modelling study has been made by the World Health Organization (WHO) on piped potable water across India.
- WHO report says that piped potable water would succeed in preventing close to 4,00,000 deaths from diarrhea.
- Additionally, this would avoid 14 million DALYS (Disability Adjusted Life Years) from diarrhea and save close to $101 billion.
- One DALY represents the loss of the equivalent of one year of full health.
- DALYs for a disease or health condition are the sum of the years of life lost to due to premature mortality and the years lived with a disability due to disease or health condition in a population.
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Jal Jeevan Mission
- Launch year – 15th August 2019.
- Ministry – Ministry of Jal Shakti.
- Aim – To provide Functional Household Tap Connection to every rural household i.e., Har Ghar Nal Se Jal by 2024.
A fully functional tap water connection is defined as a household getting at least 55 litres of per capita per day of potable water all through the year.
- It will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.
- Currently 5 states (Gujarat, Telangana, Goa, Haryana, and Punjab) and 3 Union Territories (Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Daman Diu & Dadra Nagar Haveli and Puducherry) have reported 100% coverage.
- National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), a centrally sponsored scheme has been restructured and subsumed into Jal Jeevan Mission.
- Water is the State subject. Thus, the implementation must be done through the States.
Currently about 12.3 crore rural households, or 62%, have piped water connections up from 3.2 crore or about 16.6% from 2019 when the scheme was launched
WHO Report on Potable Water