State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template



Volcano is like a nature-made mountain that can spit out hot, melted rock from the Earth’s insides. Imagine a bunch of these fiery mountains all around the world! In this article, we’ll chat about what volcanoes are, how they come to be, and the different kinds we can find.

What is Volcano?

A volcano is like Earth’s way of letting off steam. Imagine it as a natural pressure release valve in the ground. When things get too intense beneath the Earth’s surface, like a buildup of hot lava, ash, and gases, the erupts. It’s nature’s way of finding a release for all that pent-up energy.

Why Volcanic Eruption takes place?

  • Magma is like a thick, flowing goo.
  • It shows up when the Earth’s crust and mantle get all melty.
  • Volcanic eruptions happen when this gooey magma makes its way up to the surface.
  • Magma is kinda like a lightweight superhero – it can rise through cracks and holes in the Earth’s surface.
  • Once the volcano has done its thing, the magma turns into lava.

Types of Volcanoes

Volcanoes are classified as active, dormant, or extinct:

  • Volcanoes that have erupted recently are still active and are more likely to erupt again.
  • Dormant volcanoes haven’t erupted in a long time, but there’s a possibility they could erupt in the future.
  • Extinct volcanoes are not expected to erupt again in the future.

Risk From Volcanic Eruptions

  • Breathing can become a serious challenge during a volcanic eruption, and unfortunately, suffocation is a common cause of death.
  • If you have respiratory conditions like asthma or other chronic lung diseases, you’re at a higher risk of suffocation when a erupts.
  • People who live close to the volcano or in areas downwind might be in more danger if there’s an explosion.
  • The ash from a volcano can be rough and scratch your eyes, even with tiny particles. So, protecting your eyes is crucial.
  • Volcanic eruptions bring more than just ash.
  • They can lead to floods, mudslides, power outages, contaminated drinking water, and even wildfires, posing additional threats to your health and safety.

Read Also: Cyclone Tauktae

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved