State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template

Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests

Tropical moist deciduous forests are one of the most common forests in India. Tropical deciduous forest, also known as “Monsoon Forest”.....

Tropical moist deciduous forests are one of the most common forests in India. Tropical deciduous forest, also known as “Monsoon Forest” is a type of vegetation that occurs in regions that receive good amounts of rainfall for a part of the year and experience a dry climate for the other half. Thus they are found in the tropics region which suits their desirable climatic conditions.

Climatic Conditions
  • Annual rainfall 100 to 200 cm.
  • Mean annual temperature of about 27°C
  • The average annual relative humidity of 60 to 75 per cent.
  • Spring (between winter and summer) and summer are dry.
  • The trees drop their leaves during the spring and early summer when sufficient moisture is not available.
  • The general appearance is bare in extreme summers (April-May).
  • Tropical moist deciduous forests present irregular top storey [25 to 60 m].
  • Heavily buttressed trees and fairly complete undergrowth.
  • These forests occupy a much larger area than the evergreen forests but large tracts under these forests have been cleared for cultivation.

The tropical moist deciduous forest encompasses the following region

  • A belt of Eastern Ghats, encircling the evergreen forest belt.
  • From 77° E to 88° E, a strip of terai and bhabar runs along the Shiwalik mountain.
  • Manipur and Mizoram.
  • Eastern Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh hills.
  • Plateau of Chota Nagpur.
  • Odisha as a whole.
  • West Bengal and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are included.
  • Since topsoil is frequently washed away driven by strong rains, these forests may have poor soil.
  • In addition, the cover is so dense that only a few smaller plants can thrive.
  • The presence of trees helps to keep soil in place, which helps to prevent erosion.
  • Fallen trees also play a vital role in nutrient conservation and cycling, as well as erosion reduction.
  • Windbreaks created by trees also serve to keep topsoil from being blown away.
Economic Importance
  • The tropical moist deciduous forests are one of the best forests in terms of export, import, and revenue, according to India’s economic resource pooling.
  • These forests offer abundant supplies of Sal, Teak, Rosewood, and Sandalwood trees.
  • These are utilized for logging as well as the manufacture of a variety of products such as railway lines, structures, furniture, and a variety of other items.
  • Sandalwood of good grade is sold on the international market for a premium price.
  • The Muthanga sanctuary in Kerala is home to a diverse range of birds and animals, including tropical moist dry deciduous, evergreen forests, bamboo thickets, and plantations.

Also Read : Tropical Semi-Evergreen Forests

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved