Sarojini Naidu, also known as the Nightingale of India, was a renowned freedom fighter and a politician who played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence. Born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad, Sarojini Naidu was a gifted poet, writer, and orator.
She emerged as one of the leading lights of the Indian National Movement and was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925, thereby becoming the first woman to hold this position.
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Sarojini Naidu was the eldest child of Dr. Aghornath Chattopadhyay, who was a scientist, philosopher and educator. She was born on February 13, 1879. Her father was the founder of Nizam College of Hyderabad and her mother was a Bengali poetess.
From a very early age, impressive poetry had been written by Sarojini, and she had even been granted a scholarship from the Nizam of Hyderabad.
As a result, admission was given to her in the King’s College of England.
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At the time when inter-caste marriage was not allowed in India, Sarojini Naidu was married to Muthyala Govindrajulu Naidu. This was a revolutionary step specially because the Indian society was extremely conservative at that time. However, her successful marriage always pulled back others to point out on this issue or on her life.
Sarojini Naidu was a passionate and dedicated freedom fighter. The Indian National Movement drew her interest, and in 1905, she joined the Indian National Congress. She became an active member of the Congress and was one of the leading voices in the struggle for independence. She was also a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and was instrumental in organizing the non-violent resistance movement against the British rule.
Sarojini Naidu was bestowed with the title of the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925, thereby becoming the first Indian woman to be elected to this position.She was a powerful orator and used her speeches to inspire and motivate the Indian people to join the struggle for independence. She traveled extensively across India and abroad, spreading the message of independence and non-violence. She faced multiple arrests for her involvement in the independence movement and endured several years of imprisonment.
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As a poet
As a great poet Sarojini Naidu published many volumes of poetry. Some of them are
- The Golden Threshold
- The Broken Wing
- The Bird of Time
These collections attracted both, Indian and British readership in huge number at that time.
It is rare to observe the coexistence of two such contradictory aspects within a single individual. On one hand she was a brave freedom fighter who did all she could to help India attain freedom and on the other hand wrote beautiful poems.
Not only was she experiencing such a challenging period in her life, but she was also recognized for her wit and humor, which is an aspect of Sarojini Naidu that remains unknown to many.
She had very fine artistic sense and love for silk and jewelry. But during her national struggle for freedom, she gave up everything and wore only ‘khadi’.
Sarojini Naidu was a woman of great courage and passion, who dedicated her life to the cause of India’s independence. She was a gifted poet, writer, and orator, who used her talents to inspire and motivate the Indian people. Her contributions to India’s independence, women’s rights, and poetry have made her one of the most beloved and respected figures in Indian history. The Nightingale of India continues to inspire and motivate people to this day, and her legacy will live on for generations to come.
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The Nightingale of India: Sarojini Naidu