A variety of factors and elements affect the weather and climate of a location. All elements of atmospheric pressure, humidity, wind, temperature, and precipitation must be ideal for ideal climatic conditions.
- Weather refers to short term changes in atmospheric conditions whereas climate refers to long-term weather observation.
- Weather is nothing more than the various elements that make it up, as well as how they interact with one another to produce various atmospheric conditions and weather events.
- The various elements such as temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, visibility, duration of sunshine etc.
|Weather denotes hour by hour and day-by-day conditions of the atmosphere.||The average state of weather over a lengthy period of time is referred to as climate.|
|The weather fluctuates frequently.||Climate does not fluctuate frequently.|
|This phenomenon is limited to smaller areas, such as a district or a state.||Climate is dependent on larger areas such as the state or national territory.|
|Collective meteorological data is used to forecast weather.||Weather records collected over a long period of time is used to forecast climate.|
Elements of Weather and Climate
The weather and climate of a location are affects by a variety of factors and elements. All elements of atmospheric pressure, humidity, wind, temperature, and precipitation must be ideal for ideal climatic conditions.
The factors that affect climate are latitude, altitude, pressure, wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features.
- Latitude: Latitude is the distance north or south of the equator, measured along the meridian of that place as an angle from the center of the earth.
- Altitude: A variety of factors and elements affect the weather and climate of a location.
- Pressure and Wind System: The air always moves from high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas, whereas wind is the movement of air from a high-pressure area to a low-pressure area.
- Ocean Current : Ocean currents are the streams of water flowing constantly on the ocean surface in definite directions.
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