State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template

Steppe Climate

Steppe also known as Flat grasslands can be found in regions with temperate climates. The Steppe Region’s Climate or Cool Continental Region lies.....

Steppe also known as Flat grasslands can be found in regions with temperate climates. The Steppe Region’s Climate or Cool Continental Region lies halfway between the tropics and the poles. The summertime climate in steppes is warm to hot, and the wintertime climate is icy.

  • They lie in the interiors of the continents.
  • Lie in the Westerly wind belt [mid-latitudes or temperate region].
  • Grasslands are practically treeless due to continentiality [deep within the interiors of the continents where rain bearing winds don’t reach].
  • In Eurasia, they are called the Steppes, and stretch eastwards from the shores of the Black Sea to the foothills of the Altai Mountains.


  • The climate is continental, with temperature extremes.
  • Summer and winter temperatures are vastly different.
  • Summers are scorching, while winters are bitterly cold.
  • Summers are hot, with temperatures ranging from 18 to 20 degrees Celsius.
  • In the southern hemisphere, the steppe climate is never harsh.
  • The average rainfall is roughly 45 cm, although it varies from 25 cm to 75 cm depending on where you are.
  • The wettest months are June and July (late spring and early summer).
  • The majority of the winter months see about 2.5 cm of precipitation, which is carried in by Westerly depressions and falls in the form of snow.
  • In the southern hemisphere, the marine influence creates higher rainfall.
Natural Vegetation
  • Grassland is dominates by grasses, with annual and perennial dwarf varieties intermixed in varying numbers depending on the location.
  • As the average height of the grass is connect with rainfall, tall-, medium-, and short-grass prairie zones can be found throughout a longitudinal gradient across North America from east to west.
  • Between spring, when the grasses are green and the dwarfs are in the flowering stage, and summertime, when brown, seeded, and dying plants prevail, the landscape changes dramatically.
  • Some steppes, particularly in dry locations, are dominates by shrubs (shrub-steppes), and differ from deserts chiefly in their higher latitudes, lower mean temperatures, and reduced diversity.
  • Polewards, an increase in precipitation gives rise to a transitional zone of wooded steppes where some conifers gradually appear.
  • In recent years, the grasslands have been ploughed up for extensive, mechanized wheat cultivation and are now the ‘granaries of the world’
  • The tufted grasses have been replaced by the more nutritious Lucerne or alfalfa grass for cattle and sheep rearing.
  • In the cultivating regions, such as the wheat farms of the Prairies, double rows of trees are planted around the house to shield the occupants from the strong wind
  • Other important activity.
  1. Nomadic herding in Asian Steppes
  2. Extensive mechanized wheat cultivation
  3. Pastoral farming

Also read : Desert Climate

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved