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Mnemonics For Prelims Part-1

Mnemonics Part 1

Context: A mnemonic is a memory aid for UPSC aspirants and enhances learning process. Here we have provided Mnemonics Part 1 it includes the Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Equator and Prime Meridian are passes through the Countries and Continents.

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Tropic of Cancer (23.5⁰ N) passes through (West to East)

Mexico Bahar Se Mumbai Me Aake Nahaneke Liye Egg ShOUld Bring to My China Town.

(17 Countries)
  1. Mexico – Mexico,
  2. Bahar – Bahamas,
  3. Se – Western Sahara,
  4. Mumbai – Mauritania,
  5. Me – Mali,
  6. Aake – Algeria,
  7. Nahaneke – Niger
  8. Liye – Libya,
  9. Egg – Egypt,

4 CountriesShOUld- Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, India,

  1. Bring to – Bangladesh,
  2. My – Myanmar,
  3. China  – China,
  4. Town – Taiwan.
Water Bodies
  1. Indian Ocean,
  2. Atlantic Ocean,
  3. Pacific Ocean
  4. Taiwan Strait
  5. Red Sea
  6. Gulf of Mexico

Tropic of Capricorn (67.5⁰ S) passes through

10 Countries

(CAB PNB Se MuMbaiAai)

  1. Chile
  2. Argentina
  3. Brazil
  4. Paraguay
  5. Namibia
  6. Botswana
  7. South Africa
  8. Mozambique
  9. Madagascar
  10. Australia
Water Bodies
  1. Indian Ocean
  2. Atlantic Ocean
  3. Pacific Ocean

The Equator passes through

(13 Countries)


[English Cricket Board System UK wala C2 GS Mein Intake Karta hai)

  1. Ecuador
  2. Colombia
  3. Brazil
  4. Sao tome and Principe
  5. Uganda
  6. Kenya

2 Countries – Rep. of Congo, Democratic Rep. of Congo,

  1. Gabon
  2. Somalia
  3. Maldives
  4. Indonesia
  5. Kiribati

The Equator passes through

In Asia

KIM (Kiribati, Indonesia, Maldives)

In South America

ECB (Ecuador, Columbia, Brazil)

In Africa

SDG SUCK (S. Princep, DR Congo, Gabon, Somalia, Uganda, Congo, Kenya)

Water Bodies
  1. Atlantic
  2. Pacific
  3. Indian Ocean

Countries that the Prime Meridien passes through

About Prime Meridian: A prime meridian is a meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographical coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°. Together, a prime meridian and its an time meridian (the 180th meridian in a 360°system) form a great circle. This great circle divides the sphere, e.g., the Earth, into two hemispheres. If one uses directions of East and West from a defined prime meridian, then they can be called Eastern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere.

There are 8 countries, 3 continents, and 6 water bodies lies on Prime Meridian passes.

  1. United Kingdom
  2. Spain
  3. France
  1. Ghana
  2. Algeria
  3. Mali
  4. Togo
  5. Burkina Faso
  • Antarctica
Water Bodies
  1. Arctic Ocean
  2. Norwegian Sea
  3. Greenland Sea
  4. Mediterranean Sea,
  5. Atlantic Ocean
  6. Southern Ocean

Read Also: Local & Standard Time on Earth

This article covers only Part 1 of Mnemonics, Part 2 Mnemonics will be posted here soon.

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