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Manipur – A Uniquely Rich State in Northeast India


Key Facts

  • Location: A state in northeastern India, bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west. It also shares borders with Myanmar, specifically the Sagaing Region to the east and Chin State to the south.
  • Historical Trade Route: Manipur has long been connected as a trade route between the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, China (or East Asia), Siberia (Russia), Micronesia, and Polynesia.
  • Climate Variation: The state’s climate varies from tropical to sub-alpine, depending on the altitude of hill ranges.
  • Biodiversity: Manipur is rich in biodiversity, with wet forests and pine forests found between 900-2700 meters above mean sea level. It hosts rare and endemic plant and animal species, including the Siroi Lily, Hoolock Gibbon, Sloe Loris, Clouded Leopard, Spotted Linshang, Mrs. Hume’s Barbacked Pheasant, Blyths Tragopan, Burmese Pea-Fowl, and four different species of Hornbills.
  • Sangai, the Dancing Deer: Manipur is known for the Sangai, a unique and endemic deer species that inhabits the floating mass of vegetation on Loktak Lake, known as Phumdi. Unfortunately, the Sangai is one of the most threatened Cervids in the world.
  • Lengwa: The Salamander, locally known as ‘Lengwa,’ is found at the foothills of Siroi in Ukhrul.
State AnimalSangai
State BirdNongyeen
State TreeUningthou (Phoebe hainesiana)
State FlowerSiroi Lily
TribesAimol, Angami, Gangte, Koirao, Lamgang, Maring, Monsang, Purum, Ralte, Suhte, Thadou, Zou, Tarao, Kharam
FestivalsLai-Haraoba, Yaoshang (Dol Jatra), Ratha Jatra, Ramjan Eid, KUT (Kuki-chin-Mizo), Gang-Ngai, Chumpha, Christmas, Cheiraoba,
Hekru Hidongba, Ningol Chakouba, Lui Ngai Ni, Kwak Jatra
Art & DanceRas Lila, Nupa Pala, Pung Cholom, Maibi dance, Khamba Thoibi dance, Thang-Ta Martial Art Form, Manipuri Classical Dance
HandicraftsHeijing Kharai, Phiruk & Lukmai
HandloomsWangkhei, Bamon Kampu, Kongba, Khongman, Utlou
SportsMukna (a popular form of wrestling), Yubi lakpi (traditional full-contact game), Oolaobi (outdoor game)
RiversBarak River Basin (Barak Valley), Manipur River Basin, Yu River Basin, Lanye River Basin
DamsThoubal Dam, Singda Dam, Khuga Dam, Khoupum Dam
LakesLoktak Lake (the only floating lake in the world, largest freshwater lake in Northeast India)
ValleyDzüko Valley (bordering Manipur and Nagaland, with a temperate climate)
Protected AreasKeibul Lamjao National Park (the only floating national park in the world), Khongjaingamba Ching WLS, Yangoupokpi-Lokchao WLS
Ramsar SiteLoktak Lake
GI TagsShaphee Lanphee, Wangkhei Phee, Moirang Phee, Chak-hao (black rice), Raw / Kachai lemon

Read Also: Meghalaya: A Guide to India’s Scotland of the East

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