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Kaziranga National Park, UNESCO World Heritage Site

In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence.

In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.

About Kaziranga National Park

  • Kaziranga National Park is a prestigious national park of India situated in the northeastern part of the country in the district of Golaghat and Nagoan in the state of Assam.
  • It was created in the year of 1904.
  • It was declared a National Park in 1974.
  • It was declared a tiger reserve in 2007.
  • Kaziranga was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its unique natural environment in the year of 1985.
  • The park has been identified as an Important Bird Area by the Birdlife International Society as it is home to various species of migrating and inhabitant birds.
  • It is situated on the banks of the river Brahmaputra.
  • It is majorly known for the ‘big four’ species— Rhino, Elephant, Royal Bengal tiger, and Asiatic water buffalo.
  • The National Highway 37 passes through it.
  •  The Diphlu River runs through it.
  •  The landscape is marked by: Tropical moist mixed deciduous forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests, tall grassesopen jungle, and short grasses .

History of Kaziranga National Park

The history of Kaziranga takes us back to the year 1904 when the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon along with his wife, Mary Curzon went on an excursion to this region. To their surprise they found no signs of the rhinos. Mary Curzon persuaded her husband to take measures to protect the one-horned rhinoceros whose population was decreasing at an alarming rate. Resultant, in 1905 an area of 232 sq km of Kaziranga was declared a Proposed Reserve Forest. Later in 1908, with an addition of 152 sq km more, Kaziranga was declared a reserve forest.

In 1916, it was redesignated as Kaziranga Game Sanctuary and in 1950, it was renamed as Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary. It was not until 1968, Kaziranga was designated as a national park when the area was expanded to 430 sq km. Kaziranga National Park was recognized by UNESCO as the World Heritage Site in the year 1985.

Fauna in Kaziranga National Park

The land of Kaziranga boasts the largest population of greater one-horned rhinos and wild water buffaloes. Apart from them, the national park is home to Royal Bengal Tigers, swap deer, Asian elephants which along with one-horned rhinos and wild water buffaloes form the Big Five. Kaziranga is also inhabited by 30+ mammalian species out of which 15 species of animals come under the threatened category.  The national park is also rich in the population of avifauna.

Flora in Kaziranga National Park

The flora of Kaziranga National Park is categorized into three types – alluvial inundated grasslands; tropical wet evergreen forests; and tropical semi-evergreen forests. The national park is primarily popular for its dense and tall elephant grasses intermixed by small swamplands which are left behind by the receding floodwaters of the river Brahmaputra.

In addition to grasses and forests, Kaziranga Park includes abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus brining a beautiful scenario to the surroundings. Rattan Cane, which is a type of climbing palm, also adds to the beauty of Kaziranga wildlife sanctuary.

FAQs about Kaziranga National Park

How do I reach Kaziranga National Park?

Kaziranga National Park is located in the state of Assam, India. The nearest airport is Jorhat Airport, which is about 96 kilometers away from the park. The nearest major railway station is Furkating Junction, which is about 75 kilometers away. From there, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the park.

What is the best time to visit Kaziranga National Park?

The best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is from November to April. During this period, the park remains open for visitors, and the weather is pleasant. The park is closed from May to October due to the monsoon season when heavy rainfall leads to flooding.

Are there accommodations available inside the park?

Yes, there are accommodations available inside the park. Kaziranga offers a range of options, including government-run lodges, private resorts, and eco-lodges. It is advisable to make reservations in advance, especially during the peak season, to ensure availability.

Read also:- Marine National Park (Gulf of Kutch)

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