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Jowar (sorghum)

Recent researches show that Jowar (sorghum)  can be an ideal alternative to wheat in times of increasing temperatures. Jowar (sorghum)..


Recent researches show that Jowar (sorghum)  can be an ideal alternative to wheat in times of increasing temperatures.


  • The study was carried out by researchers from Columbia University, US; Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; Indian School of Business; University of Delaware, US; Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Yale University, US; and Washington State University, US.
  • It focused on the two main Rabi cereals in India, wheat and jowar.
  • The research highlighted the need for climate-smart agriculture interventions, specifically in the Rabi season.
  • It stated the following benefits of Jowar over wheat:-
  • Jowar is more resilient to projected climate changes but also requires much less water.
  • While wheat is highly sensitive to increases in maximum daily temperature, jowar can handle temperature increases with far less impact on yields.
  • Wheat requires 1.4 times more water than jowar owing to the extension of its growth cycle into summer.

About Jowar

  • It is a rainfed crop mostly grown in moist areas, which hardly needs irrigation. 
  • It is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production.
  • Rainfall: moderate rainfall of 30-100 cm.
  • Temperatures: high temperatures ranging from 20 to 32°C.
  • Vulnerability of Jowar: Both excessive moisture and prolonged drought are harmful.
  • Soil: Well-drained light soils are ideal.
  • It is cultivated as the major food crop in semi-arid areas of central and south India.
  • In north India, Jowar is mainly a Kharif crop whereas it is sown as both Kharif and Rabi in the southern states.
  • Highest producers: Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
  • India is the largest producer of jowar in the world.

Health Benefits of Jowar

  • Gluten-free
    • Jowar, a gluten-free whole grain, is considered an excellent alternative for people who suffer from ‘gluten intolerance’.
  • High in fiber
    • Compared to other cereal grains like barley or rice, jowar contains a much higher concentration of fiber.
  • Controls Blood Sugar Levels:
    • Jowar is a complex carbohydrate that digests slowly.
    • As a result, it leads to stable blood sugar levels.
    • Hence, it is a great diet choice for diabetics and people who want to lose weight
  • High in Protein: 100 grams of Jowar provides 11 grams of protein, which supplies the body with energy and aids in cell regeneration.
  • Full of Iron: Jowar contains 8.45 mg of iron in every cup.
  • Bone Health: Jowar Good is d for Bone Health because it contains high magnesium levels.
    • It helps maintain calcium levels in the body as magnesium increases calcium absorption.
  • Packed with Vitamins, Minerals, and Micronutrients
    • It contains B vitamins, which help the body build new tissues and cells and potassium and phosphorus.
    • It contains traces of zinc, copper, and over 20 micronutrients and high levels of antioxidants.
  • Helps Weight Loss
    • Jowar has a much higher concentration of dietary fiber when compared to other cereal grains.
    • This high fiber content ensures higher satiety levels, lowering consumption by keeping hunger pangs at bay.
    • This makes it the ideal whole-grain option for weight loss.
  • Improves Digestive System
    • The high dietary fiber content in Jowar also helps improve digestion.
    • The whole grain helps improve digestive health and helps to treat conditions like diarrhea, bloating, stomach ache and constipation.
  • Improves Heart Health
    • The abundance of fiber in jowar helps lower LDL (or bad cholesterol) levels in the body, thus reducing the risk of a heart attack.
    • The cholesterol-lowering properties of jowar also reduce the chances of hindered blood flow, arteriosclerosis and plaque formation.
    • The whole grain also contains antioxidants, apart from nutrients like magnesium, iron, and vitamins B and E. As a result, it helps avoid several cardiovascular conditions.
    • Jowar also helps regulate plasma LDL cholesterol concentration while improving the HDL levels in the body.
    • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): the “bad” cholesterol which transports cholesterol particles throughout your body.
    • High-density lipoprotein (HDL): the “good” cholesterol, picks up excess cholesterol and takes it back to your liver.
  • Improves Energy Levels
    • Sorghum contains high amounts of niacin (or Vitamin B3).
    • Niacin ensures that the energy levels in the body are consistent throughout the day.
  • Boosts Blood Circulation
    • Iron and copper are two essential minerals found in Jowar.
    • These minerals come together to play a vital role in improving the body’s blood circulation.
    • It also improves the overall circulation of blood in the body while reducing the chances of
    • Anemia: a problem of not having enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Jowar (sorghum)

Q1: What is Jowar?

A1: Jowar, also known as sorghum, is a rainfed crop that is mostly grown in moist areas. It is the third most important food crop in terms of area and production. It is cultivated as a major food crop in semi-arid areas of central and south India.

Q2: What are the health benefits of Jowar?

A2: Jowar has several health benefits, including:
Being gluten-free, making it suitable for people with gluten intolerance.
Being high in fiber, aiding in digestion and controlling blood sugar levels.
Providing high levels of protein, iron, and vitamins.
Promoting weight loss due to its high fiber content and ability to induce satiety.
Improving heart health by reducing LDL cholesterol levels and improving blood circulation.
Boosting energy levels and enhancing blood circulation due to its iron and copper content.

Q3: What are the main regions for Jowar cultivation in India?

A3: The highest producers of Jowar in India are Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh. Jowar is mainly grown as a Kharif crop in North India, while in southern states, it is sown as both Kharif and Rabi crops.

Q4: How does Jowar compare to wheat in terms of climate resilience and water requirement?

A4: Research suggests that Jowar is more resilient to projected climate changes and has a lower impact on yields with increasing temperatures compared to wheat. Additionally, Jowar requires 1.4 times less water than wheat, making it a more water-efficient crop.

Read also:- Carbon Farming

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