State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template

Indian Air Force

Indian Air Force

The Bharatiya Vayu Sena, initially set up as a support unit for the Royal Air Force of Britain, bore the title “Royal” to honor India’s wartime aviation contribution during World War II. However, after India gained dominion status, the prefix “Royal” was dropped following the transition to a republic in 1950.

Today, the President of India holds the esteemed position of supreme commander or Commander-in-chief of the IAF. Operational authority over the Air Force rests with the Chief of Air Staff, an air chief marshal holding a four-star rank.

Must Read Blogs
RAFALE AircraftPanna Tiger Reserve, Chhatarpur (MP)
Union Health Ministry launches SAKSHAM Learning Management Information SystemProject Devika
Neeraj Chopra Makes History as First Indian to Secure Gold at World Athletics ChampionshipsWhat is Jerdon’s Babbler?

History of Indian Air Force

  • In 1948, when Pakistan intruded into Jammu and Kashmir, the Indian Air Force (IAF) stepped up right from the start, playing a pivotal role in defense. They were critical in repelling the intrusion and safeguarding our territory.
  • Unfortunately, during the 1962 Indo-China war, air power wasn’t utilized, resulting in losses on our side. This lack of air support contributed to the challenges faced by our forces during that conflict.
  • In the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war, although there were some coordination issues, the IAF still managed to make a significant impact with their operations, showcasing their effectiveness in combat.
  • The 1971 Indo-Pak war saw India gain complete air superiority, partly due to the presence of 12 to 14 F 86 Sabre aircraft. Additionally, the IAF provided crucial helicopter support in overcoming obstacles posed by the intricate network of rivers in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
  • During the Kargil conflict of 1999, the IAF demonstrated remarkable prowess by effectively employing air power. They pioneered the delivery of weaponry from high altitudes with unparalleled accuracy, a feat unmatched by any other air force globally. This achievement underscored the IAF’s excellence and innovation in warfare.

IAF After Independence

Immediately after independence, during partition, the Royal Indian Air Force provided effective logistics support and transport to Indian troops. But there was no direct air-to-air combat with the Pakistani air force.

1960: The Indian Air Force (IAF) stepped in to help the United Nations in Congo after Belgium’s long rule ended abruptly, causing chaos and violence.

1961: IAF played a vital role in reclaiming Goa from Portuguese control during Operation Vijay, supporting ground troops with air power.

1962: In the Sino-Indian War, India suffered significant losses against China due to ineffective use of the IAF.

1965: During the Indo-Pak War, the IAF effectively countered the Pakistani Air Force, ensuring air superiority for India.

1966: Post the 1965 conflict, the IAF adapted by forming the Para Commandos regiment, focusing on logistics and rescue operations, and emphasizing indigenous fighter aircraft production.

1971: In the Indo-Pak War leading to Bangladesh’s independence, the IAF played a crucial role, dominating the skies and supporting naval operations.

1971 (Post-war): Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon posthumously received India’s highest gallantry award, the Param Vir Chakra, for his bravery during the conflict.

1984: Operation Meghdoot saw the IAF airlifting troops to secure the Siachen Glacier in Kashmir.

1987: Operation Poomalai involved airdropping supplies in Sri Lanka, supporting the Tamil Tigers during civil unrest.

1987 (Later): IAF backed Indian peacekeeping efforts in Sri Lanka during Operation Pawan.

1988: Operation Cactus saw IAF aiding the Maldives against a coup attempt.

1999: Operation Safed Sagar marked the first use of airpower in the Kargil conflict, with IAF securing crucial victories.

Post-1999: The IAF has remained vigilant, safeguarding Indian airspace and showcasing its prowess.

2019: In response to the Pulwama attack, the IAF conducted the Balakot Airstrike on JeM camps, followed by a tense standoff with Pakistan, during which Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman was captured and later released.

Importance of Air Force

  • Air power today is the most lethal component of the 3 services. The flexibility and mobility, the precision of striking the targets which are 1000s of miles away very accurately.
  • From 1999 to 2016, new technologies have emerged, evolved and changed. It is not the air force but the air space we are looking at.
  • We always discuss about the number of squadrons saying we must have 42 or 44 squadrons. The fact is we have 33 at present. We are going to retire about 11 squadrons of MIG-21 and MIG-27 by 2022. These aircraft have to be replaced. The 36 Rafale air craft takes 70 months to come in. Engineers, pilots, and technicians have to be trained for it. Considering all these we need to think of a balance force.

Need to modernize

  • To derivate from threat perception in future days.
  • Doctrine which has now become two front war policy.
  • Net centric warfare.
  • Aerospace kind of IAF to handle space assets in a required manner.
  • Force multipliers that is air to air refuelers.
  • To protect the airspace in a high manner.

Read Also: IAF Conducts Ranvijay exercise 2023

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved