Context:- IBSA Forum is a trilateral dialogue forum among India, Brazil and South Africa. It was created in the year 2003. Diplomatic focus is likely to increase on the long-dormant trilateral India-Brazil-South Africa forum.
About India-Brazil-South Africa forum (IBSA)
- It is a trilateral dialogue forum of India, Brazil and South Africa which was created in the year 2003.
- The grouping was formalized under the name of the IBSA Dialogue Forum under the Brasilia Declaration.
- It is managed by United Nations office for South-South Cooperation.
- On June 6, 2003, at a meeting of the foreign ministers of the three countries in Brasilia (Brazil), the Brasilia Declaration was issued and the grouping was formalized and named the IBSA Dialogue Forum.
- It brings together India, Brazil and South Africa, three large democracies and major economies from three different continents, facing similar challenges.
- IBSA Fund was established in 2004 which facilitates the execution of human development projects to advance the fight against poverty and hunger in developing countries.
- IBSAMAR is a joint multinational maritime exercise, among the Indian, Brazilian and South African navies.
- Between 2011 and 2022, the forum has held only four trilateral ministerial commission meetings.
- The latest is in September 2022, when senior ministers from the three countries meet in New York.
- However, there has not been a meeting of their heads of state or government since 2011.
The meetings have become inactive in recent years
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