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Important Government Schemes in India 2024

Important Government Schemes

The Indian government has introduced several schemes in 2024 aimed at boosting the country’s social and economic development. These initiatives are designed to make a positive impact on the lives of the people and contribute to overall progress.


In 2024, the Indian government rolled out a bunch of cool programs to boost the country’s progress. They had this awesome plan to help out folks who were struggling, improve our roads and buildings, and make the economy grow even more. Let’s dive into some of the cool stuff they did!

Important Schemes of Indian Government

In the coming year, the Indian government is gearing up to tackle the social and economic issues faced by its people with a bunch of new initiatives. These actions are expected to make life better for everyone in the country. In 2023, they’re rolling out a mix of fresh programs and reviving some existing ones that needed a boost, ensuring that the policies stick around for a longer time.

Each year, the government introduces a lineup of plans to address the challenges people are dealing with. The funding for these initiatives comes from both the central and state governments working together. This article highlights some cool things the government is planning to do in India in 2023 to make things better for everyone.

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List of Important Schemes of Indian Govt 2023

Here are some of the important schemes of the Indian Government as of 2023:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
  2. Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)
  3. Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
  4. Ayushman Bharat Yojana (ABY)
  5. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
  6. Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
  7. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana
  8. Digital India Programme
  9. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  10. Make in India Programme
  11. National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
  12. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)
  13. Skill India Mission
  14. Start-up India Programme
  15. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
  16. National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS)
  17. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY)
  18. Smart Cities Mission
  19. Udaan Scheme
  20. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
  21. Poshan Abhiyan

List of Important Govt Schemes of India in 2023

In 2023, the Indian government rolled out a bunch of cool programs to tackle different issues and make sure everyone gets a fair shot at development. These schemes are like superhero plans to fix things and help everyone grow together!

Indian Government MinistryGovt Scheme
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, GoIPradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi
Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana
National Digital Health Mission
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna
Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0
Ministry of Education, GoISTARS Project
Institutions of Eminence Scheme
Mid-May Meal
Swach Vidyalaya Abhiyan
Kala Utsav
Shikshav Parv Initiative
Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration  (SPARC)
Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)
Ministry of Women and Child Development, GoIPradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna
Poshan Abhiyan
Rashtriya Poshan Maah
Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, GoIPradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna
Ministry of Rural Development, GoIUnique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
Rashtriya Aajivika Mission
Gram Panchayat Development Plans
Startup Village Entrepreneurship Programme
DDU Grameen Kaushalya Yojna
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna
Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, GoIGlobal Housing Technology Challenge
Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
Climate-Smart City Assessment Framework
Swachh Sarvekshan 2021
Ministry of Jal Shakti, GoIRashtriya Swachhta Kendra
Grand ICT Challenge
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, GoIAmbekar Social Innovation & Incubation Mission
Ministry of Finance, GoISaral Jeevan Bima
Ministry of Commerce & Industry, GoIOne District One Product Scheme
PRARAMBH: Startup India International Summit
Merchandise Export From India Scheme
Ministry of Textiles, GoISAMARTH Scheme
National Technical Textile Mission
Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways, GoISagarmala Sea Plane Services
National Authority For Recycling of Ships
Ministry of Labor & Employment, GoIAtal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna
Nation Career Service Project
Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution, GoIBureau of Indian Standards
Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020
Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, GoIMPLADS (Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme)
NITI Aayog, GoI Vision 2035
NPMPF (‘National Program and Project Management Policy Framework’)
Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-Atal New India Challenge
Minister of Railways, Commerce, and Industry, Consumer Affairs and Food and Public Distribution, GoIStartup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS)

Latest Government Schemes in India

In recent times, the Indian government has rolled out a bunch of important programs to tackle various social and economic issues and promote overall development for everyone in the country. There’s the PMGKY to assist people during the tough times of COVID-19, Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana for job creation, the PLI scheme to boost manufacturing in key areas, Swachh Bharat Mission (Phase 2) for clean sanitation facilities, and the Jal Jeevan Mission to ensure every household has access to safe drinking water.

Latest Government Scheme in IndiaLaunch Date of Govt Scheme
Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS)1 April 2021
Ayushman Sahakar Scheme19 Oct 2020
Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM AASHA)Sept 2018
SATAT Scheme (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation)Oct 2018
Mission SagarMay 2020
NIRVIK Scheme (Niryat Rin Vikas Yojana)1 Feb 2020
SVAMITVA Scheme (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas)24 April 2020
National Technical Textiles Mission (NTTM)26 Feb 2020
Mission COVID Suraksha29 November 2020
DHRUV – PM Innovative Learning Programme10 Oct 2019
SERB-POWER Scheme (Promoting Opportunities for Women in Exploratory Research)29 Oct 2020
One Nation One Ration Card Scheme (ONORCS)9 August 2019
Prime Minister Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi)1 June 2020
Mission Karmayogi2 Sep 2020
Sahakar Mitra Scheme12 June 2020
Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana4 May 2017

Government Schemes in India

The Indian government has launched various programs through its ministries to boost the overall well-being of the country. These initiatives play a crucial role in exams like the UPSC Civil Services Exam, focusing on enhancing both social and economic aspects. It’s essential to stay informed about these government schemes for those preparing for such exams in 2023.

1. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

The Indian government has a goal to provide affordable housing to city dwellers by 2022 through a program called Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, which was launched on June 25, 2015. Under this initiative, people can access home loans with starting interest rates as low as 6.5 percent per year for a period of up to 20 years. The eligibility for the economically weaker sections (EWS) and low-income groups (LIG) has been extended until March 31, 2022, making it easier for more individuals to benefit from the scheme.

2. Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna

Starting from March 26, 2020, there’s a program that ensures people who need it get enough food. If you have a ration card, you get 5 kilograms of rice or wheat and 1 kilogram of dal through the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana program. This plan started by covering 80 crore ration cards for 3 months in 2020, and now it’s extended for another four months in 2022.

3. Meri Policy Mere Hath

The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was launched to offer crop insurance to farmers, ensuring they are supported in case of crop loss or damage. This program aims to keep farmers well-informed and equipped by providing financial assistance to those who have experienced such losses. Through this initiative, the government provides funding to ensure the farming community is resilient in the face of challenges.

4. Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

The Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan scheme is all about giving a helping hand to state higher education institutions. It offers them special funding to get better at what they do and make higher education easier for everyone to reach.

5. Support for marginal individuals for livelihood and enterprise (SMILE)

This initiative supports people who have faced challenges by offering them medical help, counseling, skill-building, and connections to job opportunities. It’s a collaborative effort involving the government, community groups, local organizations, and others, all working together to assist those in need.

6. Jal Jeevan Yojana

As of 2022, the Jal Jeevan Mission aims to link four crore rural families to the public water system. This initiative, also known as the Har Ghar Jal Mission, focuses on getting communities involved and using technology to deliver water services by 2024. The union budget for 2022 allocates a substantial 60,000 crores of rupees to support this mission.

7. Jalshakti Abhiyan 2022

Starting on March 29, 2022, the Jal Shakti Abhiyan campaign introduced a fresh initiative called “Catch the Rain,” running until November 30, 2022. This program is all about stepping up our game in saving and wisely using water. The goal is to get better at conserving and managing our water resources. So, it’s like a team effort to make sure every drop counts!

8. Ayushman Bharat Yojana

In 2018, the government introduced the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, also known as Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. This initiative has a big goal: to offer health insurance worth up to Rs. 5 lakhs per family per year. The aim is to help more than 10 crore vulnerable families who don’t have easy access to good healthcare. This plan doesn’t just focus on big treatments but covers basic and important health services too. It’s considered one of the biggest healthcare schemes globally.

9. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

In 2019, the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-KISAN) was introduced with the goal of offering financial assistance to farmers. Under this scheme, eligible farmers get Rs. 6,000 annually, divided into three equal parts of Rs. 2,000 each, directly credited to their bank accounts. The idea behind the program is to provide a steady income to farmers, helping them cope with financial challenges and ensuring a more stable livelihood.

10. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

In 2014, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan kicked off with a mission to make our country cleaner and healthier. The goal was to get rid of open defecation, manage waste better, and boost overall hygiene. Thanks to the hard work put into this initiative, India has really stepped up its game in upgrading its sanitation facilities.

11. Digital India

In 2015, India kicked off the Digital India initiative with a big goal—to turn the country into a tech-savvy society and a smart economy. The idea is to make sure everyone can hop on the internet, get comfy with digital skills, and enjoy all the cool services the digital world has to offer. So far, it’s been a hit, bringing digital tech into different parts of our lives and giving a boost to the online economy.

12. Make in India

In 2014, the Make in India initiative kicked off with the goal of boosting manufacturing and luring in foreign investments to India. The idea was to turn India into a hotspot for making things and give a big push to the manufacturing industry. So far, it’s been doing a great job by bringing in foreign investments and opening up new job opportunities in the manufacturing sector.

13. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

In 2015, the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme was introduced to tackle the problem of fewer baby girls being born and to encourage girls’ education. The goal is to make sure that girls not only survive but also get the protection and education they deserve. This initiative has done well in spreading awareness about how crucial it is to educate girls, and in some areas, it has actually helped improve the ratio of baby boys to girls.

14. Government Schemes in India: Skill India

In 2015, the Skill India scheme kicked off with the goal of giving young folks in the country a leg up by offering them skill training. The idea was to boost their chances of landing good jobs. The scheme covers a wide range of skills and industries, and it’s not just about getting a job but also about nurturing an entrepreneurial spirit. So far, it’s been pretty effective in training a bunch of people and has played a role in building up a skilled workforce in our country.

The Indian government has rolled out numerous schemes to boost the overall development of the country, covering areas like healthcare, education, sanitation, and employment. These initiatives aim to tackle various issues and have proven successful in making a positive impact on the socio-economic landscape of India.

Why Indian government scheme is important for UPSC?

Government schemes in India play a crucial role in addressing various social and economic challenges faced by people in both urban and rural areas. It is essential for every Indian citizen to be aware of these schemes introduced by the state and central government. Knowing about these initiatives is particularly important for those preparing for the UPSC Civil Services Exam, as questions related to government schemes are often included in the UPSC Prelims Exam. Understanding these schemes not only contributes to exam preparation but also helps individuals stay informed about the initiatives aimed at improving the well-being of the citizens.

Read Also: 100+ Government Schemes and the Implementing Ministries

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