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ICMR’s Recent Report on Diabetes

ICMR’s recent study says that India has 101 million people living with diabetes Published by - The Madras Diabetes Research Foundation..

Why in news?

ICMR’s recent study says that India has 101 million people living with diabetes

  • Published by – The Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
  • Findings – More than a quarter of the population was either diabetic or in pre-diabetic stage.
  • 11.4% of India’s population or 101 million people are living with diabetes.
  • Hypertension – Around 35.5% of the population or 315 million people are living with the hypertension or high blood pressure.
  • Obesity – The study found that 28.6% of the population would be considered to be obese as per the BMI measure, 39.5% of the population had abdominal obesity.
  • BMI (body mass index) – Generally used as a measure for obesity.
  • Hypercholesterolemia – 24% of the population were living with hypercholesterolemia (a condition where the bad cholesterol or LDL levels are high).

Diabetes & its Types                               

  • Diabetes is a condition that happens when your blood sugar (glucose) is too high.
  • It develops when your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or any at all, or when your body isn’t responding to the effects of insulin properly.

Diabetes affects people of all ages.

  • Type 1 diabetes – It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in pancreas.
  • It’s usually diagnosed in children and young adults, but it can develop at any age.
  • It is non-curable.
  • Type 2 diabetes – With this type the body doesn’t make enough insulin and body’s cells don’t respond normally to the insulin (insulin resistance).
  • This is the most common type of diabetes.
  • It mainly affects adults, but children can have it as well.
Other types
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Type 3c diabetes
  • Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA)
  • Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
  • Neonatal diabetes
  • Brittle diabetes 

Read also:- Diabetes

ICMR’s Recent Report on Diabetes,ICMR’s Recent Report on Diabetes

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