Why in news?
ICMR’s recent study says that India has 101 million people living with diabetes
- Published by – The Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
- Findings – More than a quarter of the population was either diabetic or in pre-diabetic stage.
- 11.4% of India’s population or 101 million people are living with diabetes.
- Hypertension – Around 35.5% of the population or 315 million people are living with the hypertension or high blood pressure.
- Obesity – The study found that 28.6% of the population would be considered to be obese as per the BMI measure, 39.5% of the population had abdominal obesity.
- BMI (body mass index) – Generally used as a measure for obesity.
- Hypercholesterolemia – 24% of the population were living with hypercholesterolemia (a condition where the bad cholesterol or LDL levels are high).
Diabetes & its Types
- Diabetes is a condition that happens when your blood sugar (glucose) is too high.
- It develops when your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or any at all, or when your body isn’t responding to the effects of insulin properly.
Diabetes affects people of all ages.
- Type 1 diabetes – It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in pancreas.
- It’s usually diagnosed in children and young adults, but it can develop at any age.
- It is non-curable.
- Type 2 diabetes – With this type the body doesn’t make enough insulin and body’s cells don’t respond normally to the insulin (insulin resistance).
- This is the most common type of diabetes.
- It mainly affects adults, but children can have it as well.
- Gestational diabetes
- Type 3c diabetes
- Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA)
- Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
- Neonatal diabetes
- Brittle diabetes
Read also:- Diabetes
ICMR’s Recent Report on Diabetes,ICMR’s Recent Report on Diabetes