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How to Write Best Answer is UPSC CSE Mains?


Writing the best answers in UPSC Mains requires a strategic and focused approach. Here’s how you can excel in your answers:

Understanding the Question:

  • Carefully read and understand the question. Identify the core demand of the question. Is it asking for analysis, pros and cons, or a solution to a problem?

Structured Responses:

  • Start your answer with an introduction that briefly outlines your approach.
  • Use a structured format for your answers, including headings and subheadings. This makes it easier for the examiner to follow your response.

Clarity and Neatness:

  • Ensure that your handwriting is neat, and your answers are legible. A clear presentation is more likely to earn you marks.
  • Use paragraphs to separate different points and ideas.

Relevance and Depth:

  • Stick to the main points and avoid unnecessary information. Every sentence in your answer should add value.
  • Go beyond surface-level knowledge. Provide in-depth analysis, examples, and arguments to support your points.

Examples and Evidence:

  • Back your arguments with relevant examples, case studies, and real-life instances. This adds credibility to your answers.
  • Use statistics and data where applicable to support your points, especially in subjects like Economics and Governance.

Balanced Perspective:

  • Develop an analytical mindset where you can present both sides of an argument. This demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of the topic.
  • For questions with pros and cons, provide a balanced view before concluding with your opinion.

Time Management:

  • Manage your time wisely during the exam. Allocate a specific time frame for each question based on its marks.
  • Attempt questions you are more confident about first to ensure you secure those marks.

Optional Subject Preparation:

  • Thoroughly prepare your optional subject well in advance, ideally before the prelims. This will reduce the stress during the main exam.

Consistent Practice:

  • Regularly practice answer writing. You can join programs like the IAS NEXT Answer Writing Program, which provides guidance and evaluation of your answers.
  • Aim to complete a certain number of mock tests and previous year papers to get a feel for the exam.

Revision and Quality over Quantity:

  • Make concise and precise notes that are easy to revise. Focus on quality rather than quantity.
  • Revise your notes and key concepts multiple times to ensure retention.

Maps and Diagrams:

  • Include maps and diagrams, when necessary, especially in subjects like Geography and Economy. Use them to illustrate your points effectively.

Stay Calm and Confident:

  • Maintain a calm demeanor during the exam. Confidence in your preparation will be reflected in your answers.
  • Don’t panic if you don’t know the answer to a particular question. Move on and come back to it later if necessary.


  • If time allows, proofread your answers for any spelling or grammatical errors.

Remember that UPSC Mains is not just a test of knowledge but also of your analytical and writing skills. A well-structured and well-argued answer can significantly boost your scores. Joining an answer writing program like IAS NEXT can provide you with valuable feedback and further enhance your answer writing skills.

Good luck with your preparations!

Read Also: Safeguarding Consumer Interests: A Comprehensive Guide to Consumer Protection Laws in India

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