By – Dr. Sonal Gaurbhms (Delhi) PGDCC (Ger.) MHA (Delhi) Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian research and development (R&D) organization. It was established as an autonomous body by the government of India in 1942 to promote scientific knowledge and boost industrialization and economic growth and is now one of the largest publicly funded R&D organizations in the world. The headquarters are in New Delhi.
The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), known for its cutting-edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas, is a contemporary R&D organization. Having a pan-India presence, CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 outreach centers, 3 Innovation Complexes, and 5 units. CSIR’s R&D expertise and experience are embodied in about 4600 active scientists supported by about 8000 scientific and technical personnel.
CSIR covers a wide spectrum of science and technology – from radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology, and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering, and information technology. It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts in was the environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, farm, and non-farm sectors. Further, CSIR’s role in S&T human resource development is noteworthy.
Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains. CSIR is granted 90% of US patents granted to any Indian publicly funded R&D organization. On average CSIR files about 200 Indian patents and 250 foreign patents per year. About 13.86% of CSIR patents are licensed – a number that is above the global average. Amongst its peers in publicly funded research organizations worldwide, CSIR is a leader in filing and securing patents worldwide.
CSIR has pursued cutting-edge science and advanced knowledge frontiers. The scientific staff of CSIR only constitute about 3-4% of India’s scientific manpower but they contribute to 10% of India’s scientific outputs.
In 2012, CSIR published 5007 papers in SCI Journals with an average impact factor per paper of 2.673. In 2013, CSIR published 5086 papers in SCI journals with an average impact factor per paper of 2.868.
CSIR has operationalized desired mechanisms to boost entrepreneurship, which could lead to enhanced creation and commercialization of radical and disruptive innovations, underpinning the development of new economic sectors.
CSIR has put CSIR@80: Vision & Strategy 2022 – New CSIR for New India. CSIR’s mission is “to build a new CSIR for a new India” and CSIR’s vision is to “Pursue science which strives for global impact, the technology that enables innovation-driven industry and nurtures trans-disciplinary leadership thereby catalyzing inclusive economic development for the people of India”.
CSIR is ranked 84th among 4851 institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2014. CSIR holds the 17th rank in Asia and leads the country in the first position.
- Write a short note on CSIR – 800.
Is a project which aims to provide a better life to 800 million people in the country and hence bring solutions in the area of health, agriculture, and energy. Scientific and Technological innovations cover a varied range of technologies such as mechanized agriculture, low-cost housing, new cultivation techniques, water purification techniques, and traditional ceramic products using locally based inputs.
In terms of disaster management, CSIR has provided relief in the face of calamities such as cyclones, tsunamis, or earthquakes.
Be it the Tsunami of 2004 or the floods in Bihar, CSIR undertook the largest production of instant food through its R&D lab and provided 55 tonnes of food and also made available sweet drinking water through reverse osmosis and electro dialysis techniques; and extended support through large scale geo-engineering experiments.
CSIR has developed several cost-effective drugs for the poor. CSIR has developed eleven of the fourteen drugs which are developed in India. Some of them are anti-malarial drugs –– Elubaquine & Arteether, technology for oral insulin and hepatitis B vaccine, anti-HIV cocktails,s, etc. With its large pool of scientists and technicians,
CSIR has been providing knowledge and training nationwide, be it the remote or industrial areas. It is contributing to national development by providing open access to industry and academia to conduct research in its laboratories. It is also involved in disseminating technologies.
Born out of the recent CSIR vision, appropriately titled, CSIR-800 aimed at empowering 800 million Indians by way of S&T intervention, the Mark I version of Soleckshaw has been designed, developed, and prototyped by the CSIR’s national laboratory, the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI) at Durgapur, in a record time of eight months.