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Black Sea

Black Sea

Why in News?

Russia appointed Admiral Alexander Moiseev as the new acting head of its Navy following a series of successful Ukrainian attacks on Russia’s Black Sea Fleet, which has sustained significant losses.

What are the Key Facts About the Black Sea?

  • The Black Sea, also known as the Euxine Sea, is one of the major water bodies and a famous inland sea of the world.
  • This marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean is located between Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
Geographical Location:
  • Land Boundary: The Euxine Sea is bordered by Ukraine to the north and northwest, Russia and Georgia to the east, Türkiye to the south, and Bulgaria and Romania to the west.

Note: The bordering countries of the Black Sea can be remembered as BURGeR-T: Bulgaria, Ukraine, Russia, Georgia, Romania and Türkiye).

  • Maritime Boundary: It is linked to the Sea of Marmara through the Bosphorus Strait and then to the Aegean Sea (an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea) through the Dardanelles Strait.
    • The Turkish straits system (the Dardanelles, Bosphorus and the Marmara Sea) forms a transitional zone between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
    • The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch.
  • Surrounding Mountains: The Black Sea is surrounded by the Pontic in the South, the Caucasus in the East, and the Crimean Mountains in the North.
  • Inflowing Rivers:
    • The Euxine Sea is supplied by major rivers, principally the Danube (the second-longest river in Europe, after the Volga in Russia), Dnieper and Dniester.

Read also: Bays, Gulf & Sea – India

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