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The Battle of Kalinga, 261 BCE

Certainly, here are those ten key points about the Battle of Kalinga, presented in a writting:

  1. The Battle of Kalinga occurred in 261 BCE in the region of Kalinga, situated along the eastern coast of India.
  2. It was a conflict between the Maurya Empire, which controlled most of the Indian subcontinent, and the independent kingdom of Kalinga.
  3. The Maurya Empire, in its expansion, had recently annexed several neighboring states, including Kalinga.
  4. In response to Maurya rule, the kingdom of Kalinga revolted, triggering the Battle of Kalinga.
  5. This protracted battle spanned several months and engaged a substantial number of soldiers from both sides.
  6. The Maurya Empire ultimately emerged victorious, but the battle exacted a heavy toll, resulting in numerous casualties on both sides.
  7. The triumph at the Battle of Kalinga stands as one of Emperor Ashoka’s most notable military accomplishments. He is renowned for both his military conquests and his later promotion of Buddhism.
  8. This battle is a pivotal moment in Indian history because it marked the conclusion of Ashoka’s military campaigns and the commencement of his conversion to Buddhism.
  9. The Battle of Kalinga is referenced in various ancient Indian texts, including the Ashokavadana and the Mahavamsa.
  10. Furthermore, the Kalinga War is depicted in the Edicts of Ashoka, a series of inscriptions on rocks and pillars erected by Ashoka across the Maurya Empire.

Read Also: What Plassey Changed?, Battle of Plassey 1757, Indus Valley Civilisation, The Maurya Age

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