State PCS

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Assam: An abode of Beauty


Key Facts

  • Located in the northeastern region of India.
  • Situated south of the eastern Himalayas, nestled along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
  • Shares its borders with Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west, connected via the Siliguri Corridor.
  • Renowned for its production of Assam tea and Assam silk.
  • Home to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, both designated as World Heritage Sites. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is famous for its population of feral horses.
International BoundariesBhutan, Bangladesh
Geographical Features– High land and Plains
– Great river valleys of the Brahmaputra
– Brahmaputra drains in Assam
– Hydro-geomorphic due to oxbow lakes
Climate– Tropical Monsoon
– Tropical Rainforests
Protected Areas– Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary
– Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary
– Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary
– Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary
– Sonai Rupa Wildlife Sanctuary
– Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
– Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary
– East Karbi Anglong Sanctuary
– Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary
– Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary
– Pani Dihing Bird Sanctuary
– Dibru-Saikhowa (Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts)
– Manas National Park & Tiger Reserve
– Kaziranga National Park
– Manas National Park
– Orang (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park
– Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
– Nameri National Park
IslandMajuli: India’s first district that is a river island
Valleys– Brahmaputra and Barak
Lakes– Haflong Lake: A natural lake on the only hill station of Assam, regarded as the ‘Scotland of Assam’
– Hajong Lake: Also known as the Tortoise Lake, situated on the Langting Mupa Reserve. The third annual tortoise festival was held on its bank.
Ethnic group– Dimasa
– Karbi
– Lalung
– Bodo
– Khampti
– Rabha
– Deori
– Chamka
Festivals– Bohag Bihu
– Elephant Festival
– Dehing Patkai
– Tea Festival
– Ambubachi Mela
– Me-Dam-Me-Phi
– Jonbeel Mela
– Baisaghu
Dance Forms– Bihu
– Sattriya
– Oja-Pali
– Jhumar
– Deodhani Nritya
– Ali Ali Ligang
– Barpeta Bhortal
– Bagurumba
Geology– Petroleum
– Natural gas
– Coal
– Limestone
– Other minor minerals such as magnetic quartzite, kaolin, sillimanites, clay, and feldspar
Irrigation and Power– Chandrapur Thermal Project
– Nampru Thermal Project
– Taipaimukh Dam Project
– Few Mobile Gas Turbine
– Mini Hydro-electric Project
Oil Refineries– Digboi (Asia’s first and world’s second refinery)
– Guwahati
– Bongaigaon
– Numaligarh
Traditions/Art FormsMekhela Sador: Indigenous traditional Assamese dress
Xorai: A traditionally manufactured bell-metal article of great respect
Jaapi: A traditional Assamese headgear or hat offered to guests
Kuhila Koth: A famous handicraft mostly done in the Batadrava area of Nagaon district
Ramsar Sites– Deepor Beel
Rivers– Brahmaputra & its tributaries:
– Left: Dibang River, Lohit River, Dhansiri, Kolong
– Right: Kameng River, Manasarover, Beki, Raidak, Jaldhaka, Teesta, Subansiri
– Barak River (Part of Surma-Meghna River System)
– Kusiyara River
GI Tags– Muga Silk
– Assam (Orthodox)
– Assam Karbi Anglong Ginger
– Joha Rice
– Tezpur Litchi
– Boka Chaul
– Kaji Nemu

Read Also: Bihar: Population, Rivers, and Ethnic Groups

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