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Arunachal Pradesh: Land of Dawn-Lit Mountains

Arunachal Pradesh

Key Facts

  • Arunachal Pradesh, known as the “Land of Dawn-Lit Mountains,” “Orchid Paradise,” “Land of Sunrise,” and “Paradise of Botanist.”
  • It shares its borders with Assam and Nagaland to the south, with international boundaries encompassing Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, and a disputed border with China in the north, demarcated by the McMahon Line.
  • The state has a 1,129 km border with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.
  • The capital is Itanagar, making it the largest among the seven sister states of Northeast India.
  • Anjaw, located in the easternmost part of India, is the easternmost district.
  • The Patkai Bum hills serve as a natural barrier between Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.
  • An Inner Line Permit (ILP) is required for Indian citizens to enter Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Arunachal Pradesh is home to a newly described subspecies of hoolock gibbon known as the Mishmi Hills hoolock gibbon.
International Boundaries– Myanmar (440 km) in the east
– Bhutan (160 km) in the west
– China (1030 km) north of the McMahon Line
– Separated from China by the disputed McMahon Line
Geographical Features– Mountain ranges
– Green forests
– Deep river valleys (The Kameng, The Subansiri, The Siang, The Lohit, and the Tirap)
– All these rivers are fed by snows
– River Siang in Tibet is called Tsangpo, and it becomes the Brahmaputra in India
– Beautiful plateaus
– Himalayan Ranges running from north to south
– Varied climate zones including tropical, subtropical, pine, temperate, and alpine
Mountain Ranges– Dafla Hills
– Miri Hills
– Abor Hills
– Mishmi Hills
– Patkai Range
Mountain Pass– Bomdila Pass (India-Tibet)
– Bum La Pass (India-Tibet)
– Tunga Pass (India-Tibet)
– Dihang Pass (India-Tibet)
Minerals– Petroleum
– Coal
– Copper Ore
– Gold & Pyrites
– Limestone and Marble
– Dolomite
– Graphite
Lakes– Ganga / Gekar Sinyi
Rivers– Kameng
– Subansiri
– Siang (Brahmaputra)
– Dibang
– Lohit
– Noa Dihing
Dam– Dibang Dam (India’s largest hydro project)
– Rangandi Dam
Ethnic group– Monpa people in the west
– Tani people in the center
– Tai people in the east
– Naga people in the south
– Others include Abor, Apatanis, Khamti, Momba, Singphos, Khambas, Mishmis, Nyishi, Wancho
Protected Areas– Dehang Bebang (Musk Deer, Mishmi Takin)
– Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary & Tiger reserve (Famous for Hornbill)
– Talle Wildlife Sanctuary
– Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary
– Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary
– Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary
– Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary
– Mouling National Park
– Namdapha National Park
– Mauling National Park
State Bird/Animal/Tree/Flower– Great Hornbill / Mithun (Gayal) / Hollong / Foxtail Orchid
Important Festivals– Gokum Gompa
– Siang River festival
– Losar
– Tamladu
– Solung
– Nyokum
– Buddha Mahotsava
– Boori-boot
– Nyokum
– Dree
Dances– Ponung
– Monpa
– Igu
– Popir
GI Tags– Idu Mishmi Textiles
– Arunachal Orange

Read Also: Assam: An abode of Beauty

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