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Ministry of Home Affair removes AFSPA from parts of Nagaland, Assam and Manipur

Context: The parliamentary procedure of guillotine may come in use in the recent session of the parliament.

Context:- Centre has decided to further reduce the jurisdiction of ‘disturbed areas’ under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) in Assam, Nagaland and Manipur.

An overview of the news

  • The decision has been taken in view of the significant 

improvement in the security situation in North-East India.

  • Compared to 2014, there has been a 76 percent reduction in extremist incidents in 2022.
  • During this period, there has been a 90 percent reduction in the deaths of security personnel and 97 percent in the deaths of civilians.
  • Earlier, in a historic move, the Center brought down the disturbed areas in Nagaland, Assam and Manipur from April 2022 under AFSPA.

What is AFSPA?

  • Armed Forces Special Powers Act, (AFSPA), 1958, gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in “disturbed areas.
  • It came into force decades ago in the context of insurgency in the northeastern states.
  • It provides “special powers” to the army, air force and central paramilitary forces.
  • The Act provides that if “reasonable suspicion exists“, the armed forces may also arrest any person without warrant; May enter or search premises without warrant and prohibit possession of firearms.

What are the Disturbed Areas?

  • A disturbed area means which is declared by notification under Section 3 of the AFSPA.
  • A region may be disturbed because of differences or disputes between members of different, racial, religious, language or regional groups or castes or communities.
  • The Central Government or the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory have power to declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area.

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