Why in News?
The data from the National Sample Survey: Multiple Indicator Survey and Labour Force Periodic Survey (2020-21) indicate a need to
broaden the coverage of IT or computer-based training across various sectors.
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What are the challenges to digital workforce?
Pace of technological change – Continues to accelerate and demand for such skills doesn’t meet the skill supply.
Availability of training is not available in wide range – The training provided by the government is available only in
the few areas within the digital space.
Artificial intelligence – According to World Economic Forum the AI will replace the jobs of the digital workforce but also create new jobs in different fields.
Lack of skills in Data-driven field – The jobs of the future are expected to rely more on data-driven and machine-powered processes.
Disproportionate enrolment – Youth enroll in IT-ITeS vocational or technical courses, with a significantly high
percentage of 34.7%, in comparison to other courses.
Inadequate training – 29% of the 30% trained workforce are unemployed due to inadequate training content or poor training quality.
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Factors that contribute to the lack of digital knowledge in youth in India
Limited Access to Technology: Many young people in India do not have access to digital devices such as smartphones or computers, or have limited access. This can be due to economic factors, lack of infrastructure, or social barriers.
Language Barriers: India is a diverse country with multiple languages, and many digital resources are not available in regional languages. This can make it difficult for youth who are not proficient in English to access digital content.
Quality of Education: The education system in India does not always focus on digital skills, and many schools and colleges do not have the necessary infrastructure or trained faculty to teach digital skills.
Digital Divide: The digital divide between urban and rural areas is significant in India, and many youths in rural areas do not have access to digital resources or opportunities to develop digital skills.
Cultural Barriers: In some parts of India, there may be cultural barriers that discourage or limit access to digital technology, particularly for girls and women.
Lack of Awareness: Some youth may not be aware of the benefits of digital technology or how to use it effectively for learning, communication, or work.
As digital transformation impacts all sectors, it is imperative that a large section of the workforce undergoes significant skilling, upskilling, or reskilling to compete in the digital economy.
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A digitally unprepared workforce, A digitally unprepared workforce