State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template

Origin of The Himalayas

The Plate Tectonic Origin Of The Himalayas: The theory of Plate Tectonics was put forward by W. J. Morgan of Princeton University in 1967.This theory....
  • W. J. Morgan of Princeton University proposed the theory of Plate Tectonics in 1967.
  • This theory is based on the concept of “Sea-Floor Spreading” advocated by H. Hess.
  • Around 70-65 million years ago, the Tethys geosyncline occupied the area where the Himalayas now stand.
  • Approximately 65-30 million years ago, the Indian plate began subducting under the Asian plate.
  • This subduction caused lateral compression, resulting in the formation of the Himalayas from the squeezed and folded sediments of the Tethys.
  • The northward movement of the Indian plate continues, leading to ongoing uplift of the Himalayas.
  • The Ladakh and Zaskar ranges formed during the first major uplift phase around 65 million years ago.
  • A second major uplift, about 45 million years ago, led to the rapid rise of the southern mountain front of the Lesser Himalayas, creating rugged ranges like Pir-Panjal, Dhauladhar, and Mahabharat.
  • The Main Central Thrust separates the Greater Himalayas from the Lesser Himalayas.
  • The Shiwaliks, characterized by thick terrestrial sediments, formed as a result of the third major uplift, representing the progressive uplift of the Himalayas.
Division of the Himalayas

Formation of Himalayas explained in Continent – Continent Convergence.

  1. Shiwaliks or outer Himalayas
  2. Lesser or Middle Himalayas
  3. The Greater Himalayas
  4. The Trans-Himalayas – Tibetan Himalayas.
  5. The Eastern Hills – Purvanchal: A chain of hills in North-East India.

Read more : Mountain Classifaction

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved