State PCS

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Context : India’s carbon sink target is clearly much more ambitious and difficult than the other two that had been achieved about eight years before the deadline.

What is a carbon sink?
  • A carbon sink is anything that absorbs more carbon from the atmosphere than it releases – for example, plants, the ocean, and soil.
Efforts to enhance carbon sinks:
  • Reversing historical wrongs:
    • Many efforts are being made to enhance natural carbon sinks to mainly soils and forests to mitigate climate change. 
    • These efforts counter-historical trends caused by practices like deforestation and industrial agriculture which depleted natural carbon sinks; land use, land-use change, and forestry historically have been important human contributions to climate change. 
  • Artificial sequestrations:
    • To enhancing natural processes, investments in artificial sequestration initiatives are underway to store carbon in building materials or deep underground.
  • Conservation of Heritage forests:
    • UNESCO World Heritage forests can continue to be reliable carbon sinks if they are effectively protected from local and global threats.
      • India’s Sundarbans National Park is among five sites that have the highest blue carbon stocks globally
Challenge in meeting India’s carbon sink :
  • Unavailability of accurate data.
  • Conversion of natural forests
  • Pressure on land
  • Lack of funding
  • Lack of awareness
India’s commitment to the carbon sink:
  • India has pledged to increase its carbon sink by 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030 through the creation of additional forest and tree cover.
  • India aims to reduce the Emissions Intensity of its GDP by 45 percent by 2030, from the 2005 level.
  • Achieve about 50 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.
India’s progress towards its carbon sink target
  • India has already achieved 24.6% of its carbon sink target as of 2017.
  • Due to afforestation and tree plantation programs, such as the Green India Mission and the National Afforestation Programme.

Read more : Global Shield Plan


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